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22 Cards in this Set

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spatial science
Term used when defining geography as the science that examines phenomena as it is located, distributed, and interacting w/ other phenomena throught Earth space.
geography
study of Erth phenomena; includes an analysis of distributional patterns and interrelationships among these phenomena
physical geography
specialization in the systematic study of geography that focuses on the location, distribution, and spatial interaction of physical (environmental) phenomena
absolute location
location of an object on the basis of mathematical coordinates on an Earth grid
relative location
location of an object in respect to its position relative to some other object or feature
spatial distribution
location and extent of an area or areas where a feature exists
spatial pattern
arrangements of a feature as it is distibuted through Earht space
system
group of interacting and interdependent units that together from an organized whole
variable
one of a set of objects and/or characterisctic of objects, which are interrelated in such a way that they function together as a system
Earth system
set of interrelated components or variables (e.g., atmosphere, lithosphere, bioshpere, hydrosphere), which interact and function together to make up Earth as it is currently constituted
atmoshpere
blanket of air, composed of various gases, that envelop the Earth
lithosphere
solid crust of Earth and uppermost rigid zone of the mantle
hydrosphere
consists of waters, including oceans, ice, freshwater, ground water, and water w/in the atmoshere and biomass
biosphere
life forms, human, animal, or plant
environment
surroundings including physical, social, and cultural conditions that affect the development of that organism
ecology
science that studies the interactions between organisms and their environment
ecosystem
(community of organisms)functioning together in an interdependent relationship with the environment which they occupy
pollution
too much of something; alteration of the pysical, chemical, or biological balance of the environment that has adverse effects on the normal functioning of all life forms including humans
subsystem
seperate system operating w/in the boundaries of a larger Earth system
equalibrium
state of balance between the interconnected components of an organized whole
feedback loop
path of change as its efects move through the variables of a system until the effects imoact the variable originally experiancing change
Buckminster Fuller
"Spaceship Earth" the idea that our panet is a life-support system, transporting us through space. (conservation)