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5 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anthrax
agent
description
affected
signs
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Bacillus anthracis
description: gram+ spore-forming aerobic rod
affected: blood, lungs, skin
signs: hemorrhaged blood, boil-like lesions
toxin: yes
treatment: ciprofloxacin
immunization: for animals
comment: high mortality rate, affects many organs, rare in humans
tetanus agent
description
affected
signs
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Clostridium tetanus
description: gram+ spore-forming, anaerobic rod
affected: nerves at synapse
signs: spasms, tetanus
toxin: yes
treatment: penicillin, antitoxin
immunization: toxoid in DTaP
comment: second most powerful toxin, inhibits cholinesterase activity
gas gangrene
agent
description
affected
signs
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Clostridium perfringens
description: gram+ spore forming anaerobic rod
affected: muscles, nerves, blood cells
signs: gangrene, swollen tissue
toxin: yes
treatment: penicillin
immunization: none
comment: gas blocks flow of blood, called clostridial myonecrosis
leptospirosis
agent
description
affected
signs
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Leptospira interrogans
description: spirochete
affected: kidney, liver, spleen
signs: jaundice, vomiting
toxin: not established
treatment: penicillin
immunization: for animals
comment: common in animals, typical zoonosis
melioidosis
agent
description
affected
signs
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Burkholderia pseudomallei
description: gram- rod
affected: heart, lung
signs: abcesses
toxin: not established
treatment: doxycycline
immunization: none
comment: symptoms develop slowly, occurs in southeast Asia