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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
social darwinism
survival of the fittest phrase coined by Herbert Spencer.
function
the consequence that an element of society produces for the maintenance of the social system.
Verstehen
attempt to understand the meanings individuals attach to their actions.
Ideal type
description comprised of the essential characteristics of a feature of society.
Theory
an explanation of the relationships among particular phenomena.
Theoretical perspectives
provide a foundation for inquiries.
Functionalist perspective
society held together through consensus.
dysfunctional
negative consequence an element has for the stability of the social system
Functionalist perspective
society held together through consensus.
dysfunctional
negative consequence an element has for the stability of the social system
Manifest function
intended or recognized consequence of some element in society
latent function
unintended or unrecognized consequence of an element of society
Conflict perspective
focus on changes in society that promote competition and change
Interactionist perspective
focuses on how individuals interact with one another in society.
symbol
anything that represents something else
Symbolic interaction
focus on how people use symbols when interacting.