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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
shared ideas held collectively by people within a given culture.
subculture created as a reaction against the values of the dominant culture /

the culture of groups whose values and norms of behavior are somewhat different from those of the dominant culture
counterculture / subculture
cultural resources that are socially designated as being worthy (such as knowledge of elite culture) and that give advantages to groups possessing such capital.
cultural/social capital
the transmission of cultural elements from one society or cultural group to another.
cultural diffusion
the pervasive and excessive influence of one culture throughout society.
cultural hegemony
the idea that something can be understood and judged only in relationship to the cultural context in which it appears.
cultural relativism
the complex system of meaning and behavior that defines the way of life for a given group or society.
the idea that the mass media reflect the values of the general population.
reflection hypothesis
the culture of the most powerful group in society.
dominant culture
includes the norms, laws, ideas, customs, and beliefs of a group of people.
nonmaterial culture
the general standards of behavior adhered to by a group.
the diffusion of a single culture throughout the world.
global culture
a set of symbols and rules that, when put together in a meaningful way, provides a complex communication system.
the beliefs, practicies, and objects that are a part of everyday tradition.
popular culture
strict norms that control moral and ethical behavior.
mechanisms of social control that enforce norms
social sanctions
things or behavior to which people give meaning
behaviors that bring the most serious sanctions.
a theory that language determines other aspects of culture since language provides the categories through which social reality is defined and perceived
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis