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24 Cards in this Set

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What is the hippocratic Corpus?
Greek library collection of books written in the 4-6th centry
What prize to Rene Dubos win, and what does the term "the human animal" mean?
Prize: Pulitzer Prize

human animal=the desire of organisms to have health
P
Define "health"
a broad perspective of everyday life
- physical capabilities
- personal resources

wide range of
-social,
-political
-enviro factors
Factors (3)-S.E.P
Everyday (2)P.P
What is Foucault's concept of health
health is a cultural fact in the broadest sense of the word, a fact that is political, economic, and social as well, a fact that's tied to a certain state of individual and collective conscious
consumer culture
A dominant characteristic of late capitalist society is the consumption of goods and services not necessarily for their ‘use value’ but because of the kinds of statements they make about the individual consumer’s self-identity
medical consumerism
the propensity (tendency) within consumer culture to view health as a commodity and to encourage individual health care consumers to preserve health through the purchase other commodities, in the form of health care products and services.
selling a lifestyle
health consciousness
The degree to which an individual is aware of and attentive to her own health. This awareness is a fundamental aspect of everyday social life and involves the monitoring of our health status, assessing and interpreting the condition of our minds and bodies, and engaging in a wide variety of health actions as a routine part of our social practice.
imperative of health
A term coined by Australian sociologist, Debrah Lupton to describe the manner in which within consumer culture individuals are encouraged by population health promotion schemes to become health conscious in the individualized pursuit of health.
sociology-in-medicine
The application of sociology to the clarification of problems which are identified and defined by the medical profession.
insiders
sociology of medicine
The application of sociology to critically analyse medical knowledge and practice and their effects on social life as it defines health, illness, and the body
outsiders
What was Foucault's highlights and studies
Highlighted the connections between “power / knowledge” and the creation of “subjectivity”

'Studied the role of madness, medicine, prisons, and sexuality in the reation of “subjectivities”
power-knowledge
Under Foucault’s approach, knowledge is something that makes us its subjects, because we make sense of our selves and our place in society by referring back to various bodies of knowledge.
a result of objectivity/subjectivity
morbidity
the distribution of disease in human beings
medicocentric bias
understanding health, illness, and the body in a manner which privileges the medical perspective and is characterized by viewing the medical profession favorably as a social institution concerned merely with combating disease and improving health.
Medicalization
The extension of scientific-medical authority into areas of social life including the tendency to view undesirable conduct as “illness” requiring medical intervention. Extending the realm of scientific-medical judgment into political, moral, and social domains
Health Sociology
the branch of sociology the social and cultural factors that influence people’s lives, as well as their health and well-being.
Sociological Theory
Explanation of how and why individuals produce social phenomena (groups, institutions, social structures, society, etc.) and how and why social phenomena in turn acts to produce individuals, individual behaviour, and individual personality
C Wright Mills
"sociology is about understanding the intersection of biography (individual's life) and history (social structure), the way they interact to create reality
Social Structure
Any relatively enduring pattern or interrelationship of social elements, for example, the class structure. The more or less enduring pattern of social arrangements within a particular society, group, or social organization that act to constrain human behaviour
Stable pattern of people doing things together (raising kids, worshipping) , and organizes our lives
Agency
The ability of individuals to act as self-conscious, wilful social agents, and to exert their will through involvement in social practices, relationships, and decision-making. Agency relates to the body’s role in responding to and creating social worlds by giving meaning to the intended and unintended actions and gestures of others.
- Free will, doing what you want to do in the face of society
- Embodied, expressed through our body, relate to body's role in creating the social world
The Structure / Agency Question
The single most crucial issue with which sociological theory must strive to come to terms. It has to do with that most allusive of sociological and indeed philosophical questions: “Is there such a thing as human free will (agency) in the face of society’s systems of social control (social structure)?”
Fundamental question that allows sociology to exist
Cartesian dualism (by whom)
Rene Descartes postulated that minds and bodies are qualitatively distinct from each other. For Descartes, the person cannot be reduced to the body, which in this view of the world becomes an object that can be manipulated, handled and treated in isolation from the self.
divorce
Merleau-Ponty and the body-subject
In contrast to Cartesian ways of understanding the relation between body and mind, Merleau-Ponty does not view the body as a special kind of physical object separate from the mind that can be comprehended only via rational thought
soccer
Bourdieu
Highlights that the body is a bearer of symbolic value and as such, constitutive of particular subjectivities (the “habitus’’)