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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
conventional wisdom
common beliefs or ideas that most people hold true
perspective
a particular point of view
social structure
the patterened interaction of people in social relationships
sociological imagination
the ability to see the relationship between events in personal life and events in society
sociological perspective
a view that looks at behavior of groups, not individuals
sociology
the scientific study of social structure (human social behavior)
bourgeoisie
class owning the means for producing wealth
capitalist
one who owns the means for producing wealth
class conflict
the ongoing struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat
mechanical solidarity
social dependency based on a broad consensus of values and beliefs, enforced conformity and dependence on tradition and family
organic solidarity
social interdependency based on a high degree of specialization
positivsm
the belief that knowledge should be derived from scientific observation
proletariat
the working class
rationalization
the mindset emphasizing knowledge, reason, and planning
social darwinsim
the theory that societies evolve naturally into the fittest form
social dynamics
the study of social change
social statics
the study of social stability and order
verstehen
understanding social behavior by putting yourself in place of others
conflict perspective
approach emphasizing the role of conflict, competition, and constraint within a society
dramaturgy
approach that depicts human interaction as theatrical performances
dysfunction
negative consquence of an aspect of society
functioinalism
approach that emphasizes the contributions made by each part of society
latent functions
unintended and unregonized consequences of an aspect of society
manifest functions
intended and regonized consequences of an aspect of society
power
the ability to control the behavior of others
symbol
anything that stands for something else and has an agreed upon meaning attached to it
symbolic interactionism
approach that focuses on the interactions among people based on mutally understood symbols
theoretical perspective
a set of assumptions accepted as true