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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
- WHAT IS C. WRIGHT MILLS "THE PROMISE" ALL ABOUT (BE SPECIFIC)?

- DESCRIBE PERSONAL TROUBLES & PUBLIC ISSUES
- assertions regarding the "sociological imagination"; people feel like strangers in their own society.

- it's understanding the social contents; can't solve social issues by personal troubles.
- WHO WAS AUGUSTE COMTE?
- WHAT DID HE BELIEVE IN?
- WHAT WAS HIS GOAL?
- father of sociology; first person to use science to study human society (scientific method)
- believed scientific revolution occured by all natural sciences coming together; bel. it played a role in the social netwrk.
- his goal was to see how society can be better to serve human beings: by the sci. method = power tool and human society = problem solving.
- WHAT IS MACRO-LEVEL SOCIAL SCIENCE?
- SOCIAL STRUCTURE?
- PEOPLE ARE ___ OF THEIR SOCIETY; WHAT EFFECTS PEOPLE'S BEHAVIORS?
- mainstream sociological orientation.
- social institutions which is an important structure that make-up social structure.
- opponent; social forces.
- SOCIAL PHYSICS?
- WHAT ARE THE TWO DIVISIONS OF SOCIAL PHYSICS AND EXPLAIN THEM.
- WHAT IS ORGANIC ANAOLOGY?
- peaceful social change thru...?
- putting together a social plan..
- social statics = examine how society is structured & social dynamics = examine how society structure evolves "change" over time.
- structure of society can be compare to the body of an animal (bel. organs should be compared)
-scientific research
- WHAT DID KARL MARX SAY ABOUT THE WORK AND WITNESS OF THE POOR SOCIETY?
- WHAT DID HE THINK ABOUT THE WORKERS?
- WHAT ELSE DID MARX BELIEVE IN?
- EXPLAIN "CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS"
AND THE "CLASSLESS SOCIETY"
- WHAT KIND OF SOCIETY DID HE WANT?
- WHAT DID HE THINK WAS THE ONLY MECHANISM FOR THE WORKERS GETTING THEIR WAY?
- He said the Bourgeoise are the capatalists who own the factories and the Proletariat are the workers
- He thought they will eventually develop "class consciousness" and unite for a united front and confront the Bourgeoisie.
- Believed revol. was inevitable for wealthy and working class to fight.
- class con. had to deve. in the working class and raised up to the upper class "classless society" which means the workers had control and wanted no class distinction; everyone would work as much as they can.
- one that would benefit everyone
- violence.
- WHAT IS THE TERM USED TO DESCRIBE THE DEALING WITH THINGS THRU A PERSONAL WAY OR A PUBLIC WAY?
- MACRO-LEVEL SOCIETY.
- WHAT DID HERBERT SPENCER DEVELOP?
- WHAT PHRASE DID HE COIN?
- WHAT WAS THE TERM HE CAME UP WITH AND WHAT DOES IT MEAN?
- WHERE IS HE FROM?
- WHAT DID HE COMPARE HUMAN SOCIETY TO?
- HOW DID HE VIEW HUMAN SOCIETY?
- SOCIAL EVOLUTIONARY THEORY AND SOCIAL DARWINISM.
- "SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST"
- "EXTREME NONINTERVENTIONIST" = BELIEF NOT TO CHANGE SOCIAL STANDING THAT THE GOVT WAS DOING; BELIEVE IT CANNOT CHANGE THE SOCIAL STANDING BC THERE WILL BE A RIPPLE EFFECT LIKE IN NATURE.
- HE'S A BRIT.
- ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM
- HE VIEWED IN A NATURAL ORDER; BEL PPL WERE BORN TO THEIR SOCIAL STANDING.
- WHAT IS EMILE DURKHEIM KNOWN FOR?
- WHAT ARE SOCIAL FACTS?
- GROUPS ARE THE ___ OF ANALYSIS; ____ ___ IS THE KEY TO SOCIAL LIVING.
- EMPIRICAL RESEARCH OR QUANTITIVE RESEARCH
- EXPLAIN THE THEORY OF "COLLECTIVE CONSCIENCE"
- WHAT OTHER THEORY DID SHE HAVE?
- ACTIVATING COMTE'S BLUEPRINT FOR SOCIOLOGY.
- DURKHEIM DEV. THIS; THE PROPER OF GRP LIFE THAT CANNOT BE EXPLAINED BY REASON/RESEARCH TO ACTIVITIES OF CHARACTERISTICS OF A PERSON.
- UNITS; CULTURAL CONTEXT
- COLLECTING DATA AND USE IT FOR STATISTICS; DRAWING A CONCLUSION THEN FORMING THOSE RESULTS.
- IT'S ABOUT SOCIAL BONDING; A HUMAN SOCIETY HAS TO HAVE BONDS IN SOCIETY FOR IT TO BE A REAL HUMAN SOCIETY. THRE HAS TO BE A REAL SET OF VALUES AND BELIEFS THAT BOND PPL TOGETHER IN A TRUE SOCIETY.
- THEORY ABOUT "SUICIDE" -- CATEGORIES OF PPL WITH LOW SOCIAL INTEGRATION WERE PRONE TO SUICIDE.
- WHO IS MAX WEBER?
- QUANTITIVE RESEARCH (WHAT DID MAX WEBER BEL ABOUT THAT?)
- QUALITIVE RESEARCH?
- WHAT IS THE CONCEPT MAX WEBER CAME UP WITH AND WHAT IS IT?
- GERMAN SOCIOL. WHO EMPHASIZED UNDERSTANDING A SETTING FROM THE PT OF VIEW OF THE PPL IN IT.; CONTRIBUTOR TO SOCIOLOGY.
- HAD TO BE THE FOUNDATION; THERE IS SO MUCH MORE YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT PPL JUST NOT BY NUMBERS.
- IT'S OBSERVATIONAL
- VERSTEHEN = SCIENTIFIC METHOD FOR DOING QUALITIVE RESEARCH MEANING IF YOU TRADED WELL ENOUGH YOU COME TO LEARN MORE ABOUT PPL YOU ARE OBSERVING (OFFICIAL DEF FOR QUAL. RES.)
- STRUCURAL FUNCTIONALISM
- WHAT WAS STRUC. FUNC. BASED ON?
- SOCIAL STATUSES
- SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS
- EVOLUTIONARY SOCIAL CHANGE
- BELIEVE SOCIAL SYSTEM NEEDS TO HAVE WHAT FOUR THINGS?
- SOCIO.'S OLDEST THEORY AND DOMINANT TIL THE 60s; STRUCTURALLY ORIENTED THEORY ABOUT HUMAN SOCIETY.
- COMTE, DURKHEIM, & PARSONS.
- ANY WAY ONE MIGHT CHARACT. SOCIAL DESBRIBE BY BEING A SET
- THEY HAVE FUNCTIONS: STRUCTURES MAKE UP INSTITUTION/FUNCTION TO PERFORM.
- NOT REVOLUTIONARY/FAST PASED; FUNCTIONALIST BELIEVES CHANGES CANNOT OCCUR AT A FAST PACE (RADICAL CHANGE)
- STABILITY,ORDER, HARMONY, & EQUILIBRIUM.
- CONTEMPORARY CONFLICT THEORY
- SOCIAL CONFLICT THEORY
- WHAT TYPES OF CONFLICT IN SOCIETY ARE THERE?
- SOCIAL CHANGES BY RELATIVELY NONVIOLENT GRPS. "SOCIAL"
- DEVELOPED BY COSER & R. DAHNRENDORF; A FRAMEWORK FOR BLDG THEORY THAT SEES SOCIETY AS AN ARENA OF INEQUALITY THAT GENERATES CONFLICT AND CHANGE.
- SOC
- SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM
- QUALITIVE MICRO-LEVEL
- "INTERACT IN GRP"
-STUDY GRP SMALL ENOUGH TO OBSERVE
- COSER & DAHREUDART BEL. IN SYMBOLIC COMMUNICATION/HUMAN BEINGS CAN COMMUNICATE THRU SPEAKING, WRITING, AND SIGNS;
- HAVE THE PWR TO CHANGE THE IMPROPER/SOCIAL REALITY.
-WHO WAS DEVOTED TO SOCIAL AND SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONS?
- COOLEY, MEAD, W.I. THOMAS, AND E. GUFFMAN
- WHAT DID CHARLES H. COOLEY COME UP WITH?
- WHAT KIND OF PROCESS WAS IT?
- NAME THE THREE PARTS.
- WHAT IS THIS THEORY LIKE?
- LOOKING GLASS SELF
- TRIAL AND ERROR
- PPL SIZING OTHER UP, ASSESMENT IS POSTIVE/NEGATIVE, AND CHANGING IDEAS BASED ON WHAT'S IMPORTANT.
- LOOKING AT URSELF THRU A LOOKING GLASS (MIRROR SELF-IMAGE OF URSELF)
PRINICPLES OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD:
-WHAT IS OBJECTIVITY?
-ETHICAL NEUTRALITY?
-ORGANIZED SKEPTICISM?
- RESEARCHER CANNOT ALLOW HIS/HER EFFECT THE WAY OF THEIR RESEACHS.
- CERTAIN TYPES OF QUESTIONS THAT SCIENCE CAN ATTEMPT TO ANSWER; SCIENCE CAN TELL TRUE/FALSE BUT NOT DESIGN TO ANSWER MORAL QUESTONS.
- SCIENFICIC IS VERY SKEPTICAL TO RESEARCH
CASUALITY:
- NAME THE THREE THINGS.
- association, time prioroty (require the research that the cause vari. in time), and non spuriousness (have to show best to ability this is a true relations; not false ones.)
- STATEMENT OF A RELATIONSHIP OF TWO OR MORE VARIABLES..GENERAL OR ABSTRACT LEVEL.
- concrete level or terms
- which has a collective conscience (theory or hypo)?
- theory
- hypothesis.
- theory
- where do u measure the variable?
- what is the process in which the variable is in the hypothesis?
- in hypothesis
- operationalization.
- what experiment did durkheim do?
- believed that marriage was the degree of social bonding also same thing with religions.
- the indep. variable is what letter, what direction, and what does it stand for?
- same questions for the DEPENDENT variable?
- X, to the left, amount
- Y, to the right, earned.
- name the two types of relationships.
- which one has the levels of variables move in opposite directions?
- positive/direct & negative/inverse
- negative/inverse relationships.
- what should the results mean..also what means the research should be consistent?
- what means your results are true?
- reliability.
- validity.
- PEOPLE OR SUBJECTS YOU STUDY IS CALLED THE WHAT?
- RANDOMIZING PICK OF PPL OF SUBJECTS IS?
- WHAT DOES THE STIMULUS CAUSE CHANGE IN?
- WHAT IS THE CONTROL OF ANY EXTERNAL FACTORS?
- WHAT DOES IT MEAN WHEN THE STIMULUS WAS NOT PRODUCING THE CHANGE EFFECT?
- EXPERIMENTAL GROUPS.
- CONTROL GROUPS
- THE DEP. VARIABLE.
- ALSO THE STIMULUS.
- HAWTHORNE EFFECT OR HALO EFFECT.
- IDENTIFY WHAT ASKING PEOPLE QUESTIONS, COLLECTING DATA, AND MAILING OUT QUESTIONAIRES HOPING PPL WILL RESPOND TO Q'S IS CALED.
- WHAT IS AN EXAMPLE.
- SMALL AMOUNT OF GRP IS CALLED?
- WHAT DOES THE POPULATION DO?
- WHAT WAS THE 1936 "LITERARY DIGEST"?
- WHAT WENT WRONG/?
- SURVEY RESEARCH.
- POLITICAL POLLS
- A SAMPLE
- IT GENERALIZES YOUR INFO
- EARLIEST POLLS FOR PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS AND CANDS. GOT LARGE SAMPLE AND PUBLISHED THAT AL LANDON WOULD WIN
- THEIR SAMPLE WAS RICH REPUB NOT BOTH (POOR, WORKING, NO JOBS, DEMOS)
- SIMPLE RANDOM SAMPLING/ LIST OF TOTAL POP IS CALLED?
- JUDGEMENTAL OR PURPOSIVE SAMPLING IS CALLED?
- PROBABILITY SAMPLING
- NONPROB SAMP.
- QUALITIVE MICROLEVEL RES.; BASIC TYPE OF OBSERV. IS CALLED?
- WHAT IS WITNESSING A NATURALLY OCCURED EVENT CALLED?
- WHAT HAPPENS TO ONE CASE STUDIES?
- INSTEAD WHAT IS A GOOD WAY FOR RES?
- OBSERVATIONAL RESE.
- ONE SHOT CASE STUDY
- CHAOS OCCURS.
- LONG TERM OBSERV.
- LONG TERM OBSERV STUDIES IS ALSO CALLED?
- THE RES. IS NOT PART. IN GRPS NOT BE ABLE TO ACTS JUST OBS. IS?
- WHAT IS THE ETHNIC ISSUE AND WHAT DOES IT RELATE TO?
- PARTICIPANT OBS.
- NONPARTICIPANT OBS.
- MIGHT HURT THE PPL U STUDY AND IT'S APART OF NONPART. STUDY
- WHAT WAS THE MILGRAM STUDY?
- WHAT DID MILGRAM BEL?
- GERMAN GOV. WAS EXP. A BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD; THERE WAS AN F-TYPE PERSONALITY; INSTRUCTURE WOULD SHOCK THE PPL THAT GOT ANS WRONG IN THE CONTROL RM...TRICK WAS INSTR. BEL. THEY WERE HURTING OTHERS.
- BELIEVED PPL WOULDNT' FOLLOW AUTH. IF IT INTERFERED WITH THEIR MORALS SO HE DID AN EXPERIMENT
- WHAT WAS THE HUMPRIES T HOUSE TRADE?
- WAS AN EXP. WITH HOMOS..FOUND OUT MARRIED GUYS MEET UP WITH OTHER GUYS TO SLUT IT UP; HUMPR. FOUND OUT WHERE MEN LIVED AND ASKED WIFE Q'S SUCH AS WHERE HE WENT TO SCHOOL, WHAT HIS CAREER WAS, ETC...
- WHAT WAS THE E. GOFFMAN STUDY?
- DID AN EXP. IN MENTAL INSTI...THERE'S ABUSE AND NEGLEGENCE IN INST...SAME WITH NURSING HMS.
- WHICH KIND OF RESEARCH INVOVLES NOT BOTHERING ANYONE.
* ANALYIZING THE CONTENT OF ANYTHING WRITTEN OR RECORDED USING A BROAD OF HISTORICAL PERIODS IS...
* SIMPLY DATA SOME ELSE HAVE COLLECTED; RESER. CAN CHECK IT OUT AT AN ARCHIVAL LIB IS?
- UNOBTRUSIVE RES.
*CONTENT ANALYSIS
* HISTORICAL ARCHIVAL DATA..VERY LONG PROCESS.
- WHAT IS AN ELEMENT OF EVERY HUMAN CULTURE; TRAITS THAT ARE PART OF KNOWN CUTURE?
- WHAT IS A PERSONAL DISORIENTAITON WHEN EXPERIENCING AN UMFAMILIAR WAY OF LIFE?
- WHAT IS THE ATTITUDE OF PPL BY THINKING THEIR CULTURE IS THE ONLY RT WAY OF LIVING AND JUDGING OTHERS BY THEIR STANDARDS?
-WHAT ARE THE 4 NORMS OF CULTURE?
- NORAMS THAT ARE WIDELY OBSERVED AND HAVE GREAT MORAL SIGNIFICANCE IS?
- NORMS FOR ROUTINE OR CASUAL INTERACTION?
- FORMALIZE OR CODIFIY?
- REPRESENTS TERRIBLE ACTS?
- MADE OF SOCIETY VALUES COLLECTIVE CONCEPTION OF SOCIETY IS CALLED?
- WHAT ARE THE REFLECTIONS OF OUR VALUES?
- WHERE IS THERE TENSION B/T?
- CULTURAL UNIVERSALS
- CULTURE SHOCK.
- ETHONOCENTRISM
- MORES, LAWS, FOLKWAY, TABOOS..
- MORES
- FOLKWAYS
- LAWS
- TABOO
- COGNITIVE CULTURE
- NORMS
- REAL/IDEAL BEHAVIORS AND CHANGING VALUES AND NORMS
- THE PRACTICE OF EVALUATING A CULTURE BY ITS OWN STANDARDS
- CULTURAL PATTERNS THAT SET APART SOME SEGMENT OF A SOCIETY'S POPUL. (EX: PPL WHO ENJOY RAP, FASHION)
- CULTURAL PATTERNS THAT STRONGLY OPPOSE THOSE WIDELY ACCEPTED WITHIN A SOCIETY (EX HIPPIES)
- CULTURAL RELATIVISM
- SUBCULTURE
- COUNTERCULTURE