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17 Cards in this Set

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Power elite
C. Wright Mills' term for the top poeple in the U.S. corporations, military, and politics tha make the nation's major decisions
prestige
respect or regard
status consistency
ranking high or low on all three demensions of social class
status inconsistency
ranking high on some dimensions of social class and low on others, also called status discrepancy
anomie
Durkheim's term for a condition of society in which people become detached from the norms that usually guide their behavior
contradictory class location
Reick Wright's term for a position in the class structure that generates contradictory interest
Wright's Modification of Mar.'s Model of the Social Classes
1. Capitalists
2. Petty bourgeoisie
3. Managers
4. Workers
underclass
a group of people fro whom poverty persists year after year and across generations
intergenerational mobility
the change that family members make in social class from one geneneration to the next
upward social mobility
movement up the social class ladder
culture of poverty
the assumption that the values and behaviors of the poor make them fundamentally different from other people, that these factors are largely responsible for their poverty, aross generations by passing these characteristics 2 children
structural mobility
movement up or down the social calss ladder that is due to changes in the struchture of society, not to individual efforts
exchange mobility
about the same numbers of people moving up and down the socail class ladder, such that, on balance, the social class system shows little change
Poverty line
the official measure of poverty; calculated to include those incomes that are less than three times a lowcost food budget
feminization of poverty
a trend in U.S. poverty whereby most poor families are headed by women
deferred gratification
forgoing something in the present in the hope of achieveing greater gains in the future
Horatio Alger myth
the belief that due to limitless possibilities anyone can get ahead if he or she tries hard enough