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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
mechanical solidarity
a common conscience people are held together by similarities (remain together despite anything-village)
The Division of Labor in Society
Durkheim wrote in 1895. (functional view-need for rules)
common conscience
characteristics of mechanical solidarity
primary group
first in our experience, common standards and behavior or values and frequent contact (ex:family)
lifelong process of learning norms and rules, development of sense of self
reaching beyond primary ties to establish common goal with others
primordial group
group that comes first in our experience (same as primary goup)
strong sense of identification and loyalty, feeling of exclusiveness toward non members
in-group bias
tendancy for people to favor their own group or to evaluate their group more highly than do people who are non-members
gemeinschaft (community)
people remain united despite all seperating factors (blood, neighbors, and friendship)
ability to get one's way in any situation
organic solidarity
interdependence, complementary needs, and interests (remain seperated despite anything-city)
a group of people with a common culture, occupy a particular area, have a sense of solidarity, and regard themselves as diff. than non-members
lack of clarity in norms and unclear about behavior
secondary group
limited relationships, means to an end (sociology class)
sense of self rooted in group membership
attachment or attraction to goups as groups
all groups that are not primordial
in opposition to the in-group, all non-members of in-group
spokesperson for a group
gesellschaft (society)
people remain divided despite all uniting factors
10 features of Urban social life? (rise of a big city)
full time specialist, large populations, art produced, numerical notation (contracts), exact sciences, taxation, formation of state, erection of big buildings, rise of foreign trade, and emergence of a class structure
socially and culturally constructed differences between males and females
gender identity
refers to the sense of self (I am male/female)
an action
individual discrimination
when individuals act upon own personal prejudices
institutionalized sexism
when institutionalized discrimination occurs on the basis of sex or gender
famale-male earnings ratio
US-70 cents on the $1.00
Japan-43 cents " "
Denmark-87 cents " "
Nicaragua 43 cents " "
Thailand 90 cents " "
pink collar jobs
low paying, non-manual, semi-skilled occupational positions held primarily by females
double jeopardy
women feel this by descrimination as women and minorities
second or double shift
the times that working women spend doing household chores at home after working at a paid job outside the home
Story Readings
Look over and know basic concepts behind each one.
picture brides
women who married japanese immigrants by not being there
gender identity dysphoria
a fundamental dissatisfaction and sense of malaise due to a perceived dysjunction between gender identity and sex
institutional discrimination
everyday practice and policies of groups taht result in unequal treatment of an individual or group based on race, gender, sex, etc.
labor force participation rate
# of persons in a labor force divided by non labor foce member X 100
wage gap
women's earnings as a % of men's earnings
feminization of poverty
concept that refers to the increase proporton of poor who are women and children
Sociological Typologies
Look at notes and memorize the chart!
triple domination
based on racism, sexism, and social class oppression
Cable Act
ensured that any american citizen (usually women) who married an alien who was ineligable for citizenship would lose their US citizenship
Lives of African American Women
they have always exceeded in labor force, the major supporter of their family, and worked at agriculture and domestic services
Lives of Mexican American Women
mainly apart of factory and assembly plants due to discrimination, brought work into their home (cooking, cleaning for others), eventually went into white-collar jobs but still paid like a pink-collar job (poverty)
Lives of Chinese American Women
at first were prostitutes which decreased and became to housewives or work along side their husband with no pay, they complete college but don't receive high paying jobs to go with their education
Lives of Japanese American Women
Japansese American-1st (Issei), 2nd (Nisei), and 3rd (Sanei) generation. (2nd were more bilingual, bicultural, and Americanized) & (3rd were high level of college graduation with white collar jobs)
What happened to Japanese in WWII?
The Nisei (2nd generation) were forced out of the home and into internment camps where some were allowed to use their skills but most worked on camp projects.