Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/53

Click to flip

53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
social construction
everyday events in which at least two people communicate and respond to affect one anothers behavior and thinking. In the process the parties envolved define interpret and attach meaning to the encounter.
context
1. the larger historical circumstances and social forces that bring people toegther 2. The larger social seeting in which racial ad ethnic categories are recognized condtructed and cheallenged.
content
the cultural frameworks (norms values beliefs material culture ) that guide behavior dialouge and interpretations of events.
division of labor
work that is broken down into specialized tasks with each task being done by a diff. set of people
solidarity
the ties that bind people to one another in a society.
mechanical solidarity
social order and cohesian based on a common conscience or uniform behavior or thinking
organic solidarity
social order based on interdependence and cooperation among people performing a wide range of diverse and specialized tasks
social structure
2 or more people interaction and interrelating in specific expected ways regardless of the unique personalities involved.
dramaturigical model
a model in which interaction is viewed as though it were theater, people as though they were actors and roles as though they were performances presented before am audience in a particular setting
social status
position in a social structure
master status
most important
role
the behavior expected of a status in relationship to another status
role strain
predicament in which contradictory or conflicting expectations are associated with a persons role.
role conflict
predicament in which the expectations associated with two or more roles ina role set contradict one another
front stage
the region where people take care to create and mantain expected images and behavior
back stage
the region out of sight where people can do things that would be innaporpriate or unexcected on the front stage
situational factors
forces outside ones control such as environmental conditions or bad luck
organization
a coordinating mechanism created by people to achieve stated objectives
multinational cooperation
enterprises that own or control production and service facilities in countries other than the counry where the head quarters are located
formal dimensions of organization
the officail written guidelines rules that describe the goals and roles of an organization
informal dimensions of organization
owner-or-employee generated norms that bypass or are not stated in offical rules
trained incapacity
the inability to respond to new and unusual cricumstances or to recognize official rules are outmoded or no longer applicable
bureacracy
an organization that uses the most efficiant means to achieve a goal
oligarchy
rule by few
deviance
Any behavior or physical apperance that is socially challenged or condemned becuase it is not a norm
folkways
customary ways of doing things that pply to the details of life or rountine matters
mores
norms that people define as essential to the well being of a group
conformity
behaviors and appearances that follow and maintain the standards of the group
social control
methods used to teach or persuade groups members or non members to comply with norms and expectations
sanctions
raactions of approval and disaproval to others behavior and appearance
positive sanctions
an expression of approval and a reward for compliance
negative sanction
an expression of disapproval for noncompliance
informal sanction
spontaneous not backed by the force of law
formal sanction
written condiations under which people should be awarded or punished
innovation
the acceptance of th cultural goals but the rejection of legitimate means to obtain these goals 2. the invention or discovery of something new a nd idea a process a practice a device or a tool
ritualism
the rejection of cultural goals but a ridgid adherence to the legitimate means of attaining these goals
retreatism
THE REJECTION OF CULTURAL GOALS AND THE MEANS OF ATTAINING THESE GOALS
REBELLION
THE FULL OR PARTIAL REJECTION OF CULTURAL GAOLS AND THE MEANS OF ATTAINING THESE GOALS AND THE INTRODUCTION OF A NEW SET OF GAOLS AND MEANS
CRIME
DEVIANCE THAT BREAKS THE LAWS OF SOCIETY AND IS PUNISHED BY FORMAL SANCTIONS
WHITE COLLAR CRIME
CRIMES COMITTED BY PEOPLE OF HIGH SOCIAL STATUS
PURE DEVIANTS
PEOPLE WHO HAVE BROKEN THE RULES AND ARE CAUGHT PUNISHED AND LABELED AS OUTSIDERS
SECRET DIVIANTS
PEOPLE WHO HAVE BROKEN THE LAW BUT WHOSE VIOLATION GOES UNNOTICED
FALSELY ACCUSED DEVIANTS
PPEOPLE WHO HAVE NOT COMMITED CRIMES BUT ARE TREATED AS IF THEY DO
DIFFERENTIAL ASSOCIATION
A THEORY OF SOCIALIZATION THAT EXPLAINS HOW DELINQUNT BEHAVIOR IS LEARNED.
SOCAIL STRATIFICATION
PEOPLE ARE DIVIDED INTO CATEGORIES THAT ARE RANKED ON A SCALE OF SOCIAL WORTH
LIFE CHANCES
A CRITICAL SET OF POTENTIAL SOCIAL ADVANCES
ASCRIBED CHARACTERISTICS
GET AT BIRTH POSSES THROUGH NO EFFORT
CASTE SYSTEM
PEOPLE ARE RANKED BECAUSE OF TRAITS THEY HAVE NO CONTROL OF
CLASS SYSTEM
RANKED BASED ON TALENT MERIT ABILITY
SOCIAL MOBILTY
MOVE FROM CLASS TO CLASS
VERTICAL MOBILITY
MOVEMENT THAT OCCURS WHEN A CHANGE IN CLASS STATUS CORRESPNDS TO A GAIN OR LOSS IN RANK
HORRIZONTAL MOVEMENT
WITHIN SOCIAL CLASS
INTRAgenerational
movements in one persons life time