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61 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abstinence
standard that nonmarital intercourse is wrong or inadvisable for both women and men regardless of the circumstances
asexual
does not experience sexual desire. sexual orientation.
asexuality
does not experience sexual desire
bisexual
people who are sexually attracted to both males and females
cyberadultery
marital infedelity or adultery on the Internet
double standard
standard according to which nonmarital sex or multiple partners are more acceptable for males than for females
emotion labor
display of certain emotions that one believes is expected in a given situation, regardless of whether one feels those emotions
expressive sexuality
view of human sexuality where sexuality is basic to the humanness of both women and men, all individuals are free to express their sexual selves without one-sided sense of ownership
friends with benefits
sexual activity between friends/acquaintances with no expectation of romance/emotional attachment
gay
person whose sexual orientation is to people of the same sex. mostly males, but both sexes can be "gay"
GLBT
acronym for gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgendered. discussing sexual minorities
habituation
decreased interest in sex over time that results from increased accessibility of a sexual partner & predictability of their sexual behavior
habituation hypothesis
decline in sexual frequences over a marriages results from habituation
heterosexism
system of beliefs, values, and customs that places superior value on heterosexual behavior and denies/stigmatizes nonheterosexual relations
heterosexuals
people who prefer sexual partners of the opposite sex
HIV/AIDS
HIV is human immunodeficiency virus, the virus that causes AIDS, which is a sexually transmitted disease involving breakdown of the immune system defense against viruses, bacteria, fungi, and other diseases
homophobia
fear, dread, aversion to and often hatred of homosexuals
homosexuals
people who are sexually attracted to people of the same sex.
hooking up
sexual encounter between young people with the understanding there is no obligation to see each other again or have emotional meaning
interactionist perspective on human sexuality
perspective that holds sexul activities and relationships are shaped by the sexual scripts available in a culture
interpersonal exchange model of sexual satisfaction
view of sexual relations, from exchange theory, that sees sexual satisfaction as shaped by the costs, rewards, and expectations of a relationship and the alternatives to it
lesbian
woman sexually attracted to another woman
patriarchal sexuality
view of human sexuality where men own everything in the society, including women and women's sexuality. males sexual needs are emphasized
permissiveness with affection
standard that permits nonmarital sex for women and men equally, provided they have a fairly stable3, affectionate relationship
permissiveness without affection
standard that allows nonmarital sex for men and women regardless of how much stability/affection exists in their relationship
pleasure bond
idea that sexual expression between intimates is one way of expressing and strengthening the emotional bond between them
sexting
using cell phones to send sexually explicit images or messages to others
sexual orientation
attraction an individual has for a sexual partner of the same or opposite sex
sexual responsibility
assumption by each partner of responsibility for his or her own sexual response
sexual scripts
culturally written pattens/plots for human behavior. offer reasons for having sex and designate who should take the sexual initiative, how long an encounter should last, what positions are acceptable, etc.
arranged marriage
unions in which parents choose their children's marriage partners
assortative mating
social psychological filtering process in which individuals gradually filter out those among their pool of eligible individuals they believe would not make the best spouse
commitment
(to intimacy) determination to develop relationships where experiences cover many areas of personality, problems are worked through, conflict is expected and seen as normal part of growth, & expectation that relationships is viable and worthwhile
commitment - sternberg's triangular theory of love
short-term decision that one loves someone and the long-term commitment to maintain that love; one dimension of traingular theory of love
consummate love
complete love, in terms of Sternberg's triangular theory of love, where the components of passion, intimacy, and commitment come together
cross-national marriages
marriages in which spouses are from different countries
date rape
forced/unwanted sexual contact between people who are on a date
endogamy
marrying within one's own social group
exogamy
marrying a partner from outside one's own social group
experience hypothesis
idea that the independent variable in a hypothesis is responsibile for changes to a dependent variable. regardto marriage, the experience hypothesis holds that something about the experience of being married itself causes certain results for spouses
free-choice culture
culture/society where individuals choose their own marriage partners, a choice usually based at least somewhat on romance
geographic availability
traditionally known in marriage/family as propinquity/proximity and referring to the fact people tend to meet potential mates who are present in their regional environment
heterogamy
marriage between partners who differ in race, age, education, religious background or social class
homogramy
marriage between partners of similar race, age, education, religious background and social class
interethnic marriages
marriages between spouses who are not defined as of different races but do belong to different ethnic groups
intergenerational transmission of divorce risk
tendency for children of divorced parents to have a greater propensity to divorce than children from intact families
interracial marriages
marriages of a partner of one (socially defined) race to someone of a different race
intimacy (sternberg's triangular theory of love)
committing oneself to a particular other and honoring that commitment in spite of some personal sacrifices while sharing one's inner self with the other. intimacy requires interdependence
manipulating
seeking to control the feelings, attitudes, and behavior of one's partner or partners in underhanded ways rather than by assertively stating one's case
marital stability
quality or situation of remaining married
marriage market
sociological concept that potential mates take stock of their personal and social characteristics and then comparison shop/bargain for the best buy they can get (mate)
martyring
doing all one can for others while ignoring one's own legitimate needs. martyrs often punish person they are martyring by letting the person know "how much they put up with"
mate selection risk
idea that children of divorce may be likely to select spouses who are unlikely to make good marriage partners
passion (sternberg's)
the drives that lead to romance, physical attraction, sexual consummation, and so on in a loving relationship, one dimension of the theory of love
pool of eligibles
group of individuals who, by virtue of background or social status, are most likely to be considered eligible to make culturally compatible marriage partners
rape myths
beliefs about rape that function to blame the victim and exonerate the rapist
selection hypothesis
many of the benefits associated with marriage (higher income/wealth/health) are not necessarily due to the fact of being married but to the personal characteristics of those who choose marriage. many characteristics associated with cohabiting are not results of the practice itself but from the personal characteristics of those who choose to cohabit
self-revelation
gradually sharing intimate information about oneself
status exchange hypothesis
regarding interracial/interethnic marriage, argument that an individual might trade his or her socially defined superior racial/ethnic status for the economically or educally superior status of a partner in a less-privileged racial/ethnic group
sternberg's triangular theory of love
theory that consummate love involves three components: intimacy, passion, and commitment
wheel of love
idea where love is seen as developing through a four-stage, circular process, including rapport, self-revelation, mutual dependence, and personality need fulfillment