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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
agents of socialization
those groups, intitutions, and people from which we learn the patterns of our culture
anticipatory socialization
social learning that is directed towards occupying a new position and the expected behaviors of that position
concrete operational socialization
stage of development in which children begin to think in terms of actual events and objects and understand casual relationships
conventional level
level of moral development in which children begin to evaluate behavior in terms of right or wrong
differential socialization
process by which members of the same society (and even the same family) are raised differently based upon the different roles they are expected to perform as adults
ego
the conscious, reality-orientedcomponent of th mind that strives to balance the demands of the id with those of the superego
ethnic (or racial) socialization
those components of socialization that transmit messages concerning the status of one's ethnic (or racial) group in relatin to others while facilitating a sense of identity based upon ethnicity (or race)
formal operational stage
final stage of development in which children learn the ability to think abstractly and critically
game stage
final stage in the development of self, during whichchildren become aware of the generalized other and are able to view a situation from the perspectives of multiple others
gender socialization
portion of socialization involving particular messages about what it means to be male or female in a society
generalized other
commonly accepted cultural norms and values that we use as a reference in evaluating ourselves
I
the subjective, spontaneous, and unique element of self
id
component of personality that represents a human being's basi biological needs and demands instant gratification
me
objective element of self, consisting of the internalized attitudes and expectations of the larger social environment
mind
capacity to understand symbols
mind
capacity to understand symbols
peer group
group of people who share similar ages, interest, and social positions
play stage
second stage in the development of self, during which childrenlearn to use language and other symbols which then enables them to pretend to take the roles of specific others
postconventional level
final level of moral development, in which behavior is evaluated in terms of abstract ethical principles that may transcend rules and laws
preconventional level
stage of moral development in whichchildren give little considration to the views of others and experience the world in terms of what gives them pain or pleasure
preoperational stage
stage of development in which children learn to use symbols and mental images to understand the world around them
preparatory stage
first stage in the development in which children learn to use symbols and mental images to understand the world around them
resocialization
learning a different set of values, norms, and attitudes from those we have prviously learned
self
that portion of an individual's personality composed of self-image and self-awareness
sensorimotor stage
the stage of development where children can only understand the world them through their five senses
agents of socialization
those groups, intitutions and people from which we learn the patterns of our culture
anticipatory socialization
social learning that is directed towards occupyinga new position and the expected behaviors of that position
concrete operational stage
stage of developmentin which children begin to think in terms of actual eventsand objects and understand casual relationships
conventional level
level of moral development in which children begin to evaluate behavior in terms of right and wrong
differential socialization
process by which members of the same society(and even the same family) are raised differently based upon the differnt roles they are expected to perform as adults
taking the role of the other
to be able to see one's self as specific othe people see us
total institutions
an environment in which people are isolated from the rest of society and under the continuous control of the administrative staff
Freud
psychoanalytic perspective- i(id-basic, needs,instant gratification)(ego-conscious,reality oriented component of demands for instant gratification/ and restraint)(super-ego moral,and ethics
Piaget
sensorimotor-five senses,preoperational-symbols, concrete operational-objects and concrete thinking, formal operational-abstract/critical thinking
Kohlberg
moral development of kids, (age 7)preconventional,conventional,postconventional
Gilligan
moral development of girls-boys depend on formal rules/laws,girls use care & responsiblitiy perspective to determine right and wrong
Mead
preparatory stage-play stage-game stage
Agents of socialization
family-peers-school-mass media
hidden cirriculum
convey important cultural values, such as competition and responsibility