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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Diffusion of Responsibility
Everyone thought that it was somebody else would take responsibility for a matter; consequentially responsibility diminishes.
Good Samaritan Laws
Must contact authorities when you witness somebody else in peril.
Factors that increase the bystander effect:
Number of people present, Negative mood, strangers, ambiguous situation vs.a clear emergency, time pressure
Factors that decrease the bystander effect:
Positive mood, cohesive groups vs. strangers, and clear emergencies vs. ambiguous situations, presence of pro social models
Social Facilitation
stronger responses on simple or easy tasks in the presence of others; things you don't feel confident in you will do worse in.
Social Loafing
Less effort toward a common goal when in a group than when alone
De individuation
Idea that there is a loss of self-awareness and self-restraint when in a group context.
Group Polarization
The enhancement of a group's prevailing attitudes through discussion with in the group.
Social Context
setting, situation, expectations, and interaction govern behavior in that setting.
Fundamental attribution error (FAE)
understanding situational influences
Self-Serving Bias
An attributable pattern in which one takes credit for success but denies responsibility for failure.
Foot in the Door phenomenon
The tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger one
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
We act to reduce discomfort we feel when two of our thoughts are inconsistent
Group Think
Group seeks conformity and unit; They sacrifice everything in order to maintain peace within the group, which can lead to poor decision making.
conformity
adjusting our behavior or thinking to being into line with some group standard
Conditions that strengthen conformity
One is made to feel incompetent or insecure; The group has at least three members; The group is unanimous
Who was the teacher who conducted the social experiment in classroom based upon the color of the students eyes?
Jane Elliot
What is the Pygmalion effect?
Is where students perform better than other students simply because they are expected to do so; studied by Rosenthal and Jacobson.