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13 Cards in this Set

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Sociology of the Body
investigates the ways in which our bodies are affected by these social influences, social experiences , norms, and values of the groups we belong to.
Social technology
Any kind of regular intervention we make into the functioning of our bodies in order to alter them in specific ways.
Socialization of nature
phenomena that used to be "natural" or given in nature have now become social- they depend on our own social decisions.
The Sick Role
Parsons: describe patters of behavior that the sick person adopts in order to minimize the impact of illness.3 pillars: 1. Sick person is not personally responsible for being sick. 2. Sick person is entitled to withdrawal from normal responsibilities. 3. Sick person must regain health by consulting a medical expert.
3 versions of the sick role
Conditional: sick role applies to those suffering from temporary condition.
Unconditional legitimate: those who are suffering from incurable illnesses.
Illegitimate role: those who suffer from a disease or condition that is stigmatized by others.- those who bear responsibility for illness.
Stigma
characteristic that sets an individual or group apart from the majority of the population, with the result that they are treated with suspicion or hostility.
Symbolic interactionists
interested in the ways people interpret the social world and the meaning they ascribe to it.
Biomedical model of health
the foundation on which the Western medical establishment operates. Defines disease in objective terms and believes that the healthy body can be restored through scientifically based medical treatment.
Epidemiology
the science that studies the distribution and incidence of disease and illness within the population. link b/w health and variables such as social class, gender, race, age and geography.
Unhealthy societies: the afflictions of inequality: Wilkinson
the healthiest societies in the world are not the richest countries, but those in which income is distributed most evenly and levels of social integration are highest. Social factors are the main determinants of the relative health of society.
Lorber: Sexual identities
Ten different sexual identities: straight women and men, gay men and women, bi women and men, trans women and men.
Sexual Behavior: Kinsey
investigation of actual sexual behavior. Revealed great difference b/w public expectations and actual sexual behavior.
procreative technology
other areas in which natural processes have become social: childbirth, genetic engineering of babies, abortion.