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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the social institution through which power is acquired and exercised by some people and groups.
the formal organization that hs the legal and political authority to regulate the relationships among members of a society and between the society and those outside its borders.
the political entity that possesses a legitimate monopoly over the use of force within its territory to acheive its goals.
according to max weber, the ability of persons or groups to achieve their goals despite opposition from others
power that people accept as legitimate rather than coercive.
the process by which charismatic authority is succeeded by a bureaucracy controlled by a rationally establised authority or by a combination of traditional and bureaucratic authority.
routinization of charisma
a political system in which power resides in one person or family and is passed from generation to generation through lines of inheritance
a political system controlled by rulers who deny popular participation in government.
a political system in which the state seeks to regulate all aspects of peoples public and private lives.
a politcal system in which the people hold the ruling power either directly or through elected representatives.
an analysis of political systems that views power as widely dispersed throughout many competing interest groups.
pluralist model
organisations of special interest groups that solicit contributions from donors and fund campaigns to help elect canidates based on their stances on specific issues.
political action committees (PACs)
a view of society that sees power in political systems as being concentrated in the hands of a small group of elites whereas the masses are relatively powerless.
elite model
an organization whose purpose is to gain and hold legitimate control of government
political party
the process by which people learn political attitudes, values, and behavior.
politcal socialization
the mutual interdependence of the military establishment and private military contractors.
military-industrial complex
the social institution that ensures the maintenance of society through the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
primary sector production
the sector of the economy that processes raw materials (from the primary sector) into finished goods.
secondary sector production
the sector of the economy that is involved in the provision of services rather than the goods.
teriary sector production
an economic system characterized by private ownership of the means of production, from which personal profits can be derived through market competition and without government intervention.
large scale organization that have legal powers, such as the ability to enter into contracts and buy and sell property, separate from their individual owners.
large scale corporations that are headquartered in one country but sell and produce goods and services in many countries.
transnational corporations
a condition existence when several companies overwhelmingly control an entire industry.
a condition that exists when four or fewer companies supply 50 percent or more of a particualr market.
shared monopoly
a combination of businesses in different commercial areas, all of which are owned by one holding company.
members of the board of directors of one corporation who also sit on the boards of other corporations.
interlocking corporate directorates
an economic system characterized by public ownership of the means of production, the pursuit of collective goals, and centralized decision making.
an economic system that comines elements of a market economy (capitalism) with elements of a command economy (socialism)
mixed economy
an economic and political system that combines private ownership of some of the means of production, governmental distribution of some essential goods and services, and free elections.
democratic socialism
high status, knowledge bassed occupations.
categories of jobs that involve similar activities at different work sites.
the sector of the labor market that consists of high paying jobs with good benefits that have some degree of security and the possibility of future advancement.
primary labor market
the sector of the labor market that consists of low paying jobs with few benefits and very little job security or possibility for future advancement
secondary labor market
jobs that differ from the employment norms of the society in which they are located.
marginal jobs
part time work, temporary work, or subcontracted work that offers advantages to employers but that can be detrimental to the welfare of workers.
contingent work
an aggreement in which a corporation contracts with other firms to provide specialized components, products, or services to the larger corporation.
the percentage of unemployed persons in the labor force actively seeking jobs.
unemployment rate