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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what Pre-Industrial cities had in common
1. pop. relatively small
2. walls around them
3. ascribed statuses (rigid classing
system)
what Industrial cities had in common
1. larger
2. grew beyond walls (or had no walls to
begin with)
3. places people could break out of
ascribed stauses
Concentric Zone Theory
Ernest Burges
"industrial cities tend to grow outward
from CBD [central business district]

O ) )
CBD zone of transition housing/ind.
Sector Theory
Homer Hoyt
separated by diff. transportation lines
(ie: river, highways, roads, RR)
Multiple Nuclei Theory
-1940s
different areas for different land uses
o O
0 O o
o 0
Conflict Theorist on communities
those in power (ie builders, bankers, and [maybe] politicians) determine whether city thrives or dies
Kinds of people who live in cities
1.cosmopolites [sophisticated]
2.unmarried and childless [to be near
social-life/ opportunities]
3.ethnic/urban villagers [choice/
neccessity]
4.deprived [poor neighborhoods, can't
afford to move]
5. trapped [at one time, had a choice
to move, now, can't afford to]
defended neighborhood
-unique identities
-sense of ethnocentrism
resaons why suburbs were a big hit
1. tax deduction
2. GI Bill=schooling and housing for vets.
2. Mortgage loans cheap for vets.
3 different kinds of suburbs
1. Bedroom suburbs [1 wage earner, 1
stay-at-home; "anyone could be part
of a suburb"]
2. Retail suburbs {more jobs; people
moving to work in suburbs]
3. Commercial suburbs[have more
people during the day then at
night; "the Reverse Commute"]
inter-ring suburbs
suburbs closest to mother cities
Functionalist Theory of suburbanization
"American Dream" choice
3 preconditions in order for a city to develop
1. favorable enviroment [favorable
climate and soi]
2. advanced technology [produce
social surplus]
3. well-developed social organization
[power structure]
social area analysis
examines urban populations in terms of economic status, family status, and ethnic classification
urbanism
the distinctive social and psychological patterns of life typically found in the city
10 largest metropolises
1. Tokyo, Japan [26.4]
2. Mexico City, Mexico [18.4]
3. Bombay, India [18.0]
4. Sao Paulo, Brazil [17.8]
5. New York City, USA [16.6]
6. Lagos, Nigeria [13.4]
7. Los Angeles, USA [13.1]
8. Calcutta, India [12.9]
9. Shanghai, China [12.9]
10. Buenos Aires, Argentina [12.6]