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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the violation of norms written into law
cultural walls (norms)
an act of violating a rule or norm
a person behaves the way they do because of the people to whom they are asscioted to
differential association
approved ways of reaching cultural goals
institutionalized means
the view developed by symbolic interactionlists, that the labels people are given affect their own and others and others' perception of them, thus channeling their behavior into either deviance or conformity
labeling theory
an expession disappoval for breaking a norm
negative sanctions
the view that personality disturbance of some sort causes an individual to violate social norms
personality disorder
ex. smile- a reward or positive reaction for following norms
positive sanction
a groups formal and informal means of enforcinjg its norms
social control
refer to notes
social strain
the determinance of social class based upon skin color
knowing your place in society based on means of production (which class u belong to- low,middle,upper)
class consciousness
workers bees thinking they can become queen bees or capitalists
false consciousness
stratification based on property
class system
ensuring everyone qualified the position they deserve
a form of social stratification in which ones' own status is determined by birth and is lifelong
caste system
movement up or down the social class ladder
social mobility
can move up or down with promontions
vertical mobility
a change in workplace within the same job
horizontal mobility
movement down the social ladder
downward social mobility
comparison between one generation and another
intergenerational mobility
the ability to carry out your will despite the resistance of others
the top people in the u.s. corporations, military, and politics that make up the nations major decisions
power elite
a large group of people whop rank close to one another in wealth, power, and prestige
social class
movemenmt up or down the class ladder due due changes in the structure of society, not individual efforts
structural mobility
a group of people for whom poverty persists year after year and across generations
moving up the social ladder
upward social mobility
property and income
the philosophy that men and women should be politically, economically, and socially equal
males' and females' unequal access to power, prestige, and property on the basis of their sex
gender stratification
the behaviors and attitudes that a society considers proper for its males and females
the mostly invisible barrier that keeps women from advancing tothe top levels at work
glass ceiling
a society or group in which men dominate women
an acquaintance rape by someone who is very intamate
date rape
biological characteristics that distinguish females and males, consisting of primary and secondary sex characteristics
dominant group takes in minority group allowing them to assimilate
an act of unfair treatment directed against an individual or group
the group with the most power, greatest privileges, and highest social status
dominant group
having distinctive cultural characteristics
the systematic annihilation or attempted annihilation of a people based on their presumed race orv ethnic group
the negative treatment of one person by another on the basis of that person's perceived characteristics
individual discrimination
the policy of economically exploitting minority groups
internal colonialism
people who are singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination
minority group
forcing a minority group to move
population transfer
an attitude or prejudging
physical characteristics which distinguish one group from another
prejudice, discrimination, and hostility directed towards against people because of their age
the number of years that an average person at any age can be expected to live
life expectancy
the maximum length of life of a species
life span
the focus of this theory is how people adjust to retirement by continuing aspects of their earlier lives
continuity theory
the relative value placed on men's and women's ages
gender age
the direct exchange of one item for another
a change from the Protestant ethnic to an eagerness to show off wealth by the consumption of goods
conspicuous consumption
a hybrid economic system in which capitalism is mixed with state ownership
democratic socialism
a receipt stating that vacertain amount of goods is on deposit in a warehouse or bank
deposit receipt
any item that serves asa a medium of exchange
a system of distribution goods and services
currency issued by a government that is not backed by stored value
fiat money
unrestrainted manufacture and trade
laissez faire capital
the law of supply and demand
market forces
the means by which people place a value on goods and services in order to make an exchange
medium of exchange
an increase in prices