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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Family
A social institution found in all societies that unites people in cooperative gropus to oversee the bearing and raising children.
Kinship
A social bond based on blood, marriage, or adoption.
Family Unit
A social group of two or more people, related by blood, marriage, or adoption, whi usually live together.
Marriage
A legally sanctioned relationship.
Endogamy
marriage between people of the same social caegory
Exogamy
marriage between people of different social category
Monogamy
Marriage that unites two partners
Polygamy
Marriage that unites more than 3
Polygny
Marriage that unites 1 man and 2 or more women
Polyandry
Marriage that unites 1 woman and 2 or more men
Stages of Family
Courtship-Marriage-Children
Sandwich Generation
The oldest of the Baby Boomers (in 50's) will spend as many years caring for parents as they did children.
Divorce
9/10 will marry, but many will divorce
Mixed Marriages
2.9%
Cohabitation
Half of the couples decide to marry/half decide to break-up
Religion
A social institution involving beliefs and practices based on a conception of the sacred.
Profane
People define as an ordinary element of everyday life
Sacred
People set apart as extraordinary, inspiring awe and reverence.
Totem
An object in the natural world collectively defined as sacred.
Karl Marx view of religion
Claimed religion serves ruling elites by legitimizing the status quo and diverting people's attention from social inequities.
Max Weber: View of religion
Religion promotes dramatic social transformation
Church
a type of religious organization that is well integrated into the larger society.
Sect
A type of religious organization that stands apart from the larger society. -catholic
Cult
A religious organization that is largely outside a society's cultural traditions.
Denomonination
a church, independent of te state, that recognizes religious pluralism.
Animism
the belief that elements of the natural world are conscious life forms that affect humanity.
Civil Religion
a quasireligious loyalty binding individuals in a basically secular socirty.
Fundamentalism
a conservative religious doctrine that opposes intellectualism and wordly accommodation in favor of restoring traditional, otherworldly religion.
Hidden Curriculum
subtle presentations of political or cultural ideas in the classroom
Tracking
assigining students to different types of educational programs.
Euthanasia
assistance in the death of a person suffering from an incurable disease