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59 Cards in this Set

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Freud's word for a persons conscious efforts to balance innate pleasure-seeking drives with the demands of society
ego
Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals think abstractly and critically
formal operational stage
impersonal communications aimed at a vast audience
mass media
prejudice and discrimination against the elderly
ageism
all the statuses a person holds at a given time
status set
a social position a person receives at birth or assumes involuntarily later in life
ascribed status
the surrounding area which a person makes some claim to privacy
personal space
Freud's word for the operation of culture within the individual in the form of internalized values and norms
superego
George Herbert Mead's term for that part of an individual's personality composed of self-awareness
and self-image
self
behavior expected of someone who holds a particular status
role
the process by which people creatively shape reality through sociel interaction
social construction of reality
Goffmans term for an individuals efforts to create specific impressions in the minds of others
presentation of self
the life long social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn culture
Socialization
Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals experience the world only through their senses
sensorimotor stage
Charles Horton Cooley's term referring to a self-image based on how we think others see us
looking-glass self
the study of the aging and the elderly
gerontology
a form of social organization in which the elderly have the most wealth, power and prestige
gerontocracy
a social position that an individual occupies
status
a number of roles attached to a single status
role set
communication using body movements, gestures, and facial expressions rather than speech
nonverbal communication
the assertion that situations defined as real become real in their consequences
Thomas theorem
a person's fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking, and feeling
personality
Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals first use language and other symbols
preoperational stage
a social group whose members have interests, social position and age in common
peer group
a status that has a special importance for social identity often shaping a person's entire life
master status
conflict among roles corresponding to two or more statuses
role conflict
the study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings
ethnomethodolgy
Freud's word for the human being's basic drives
id
Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals first perceive causal connections in their surroundings
concrete operational stage
learning that helps a person achieve a desired position
anticipatory socialization
a category of people with a common characteristic, usually their age
cohort
a setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society and manipulated by an administrative staff
total institution
radically changing an inmate's personality through carefully controlling the environment
resocialization
the process by which people act and react in relation to others
social interaction
a social position a person assumes voluntarily and that reflects personal ability and choice
achieved status
tension among roles connected to a single status
role strain
the study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance
dramaturgical analysis
two or more people who identify and interact with one another
social group
a small social group whose members share personal and enduring relationships
primary group
a large impersonal social group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity
secondary group
group leadership that emphasizes the completion of tasks
instrumental leadership
group leadership that focuses on collective well being
expressive leadership
the tendency of group members to conform resulting in a narrow view of some issue
group think
a social group that serves as a point of reference in making evaluations and decisions
reference group
a social group commanding a members esteem and loyalty
ingroup
a social group toward which one feels competition or opposition
outgroup
a social group with two members
dyad
a social group with three members
triad
a web of weak social ties
network
a large secondary group that is organized to achieve its goals efficiently
formal organization
sentiments and beliefs about the world passed from generation to generation
tradition
deliberate matter of fact calculation of the most efficient means to accomplish a particular task
rationality
Max Webber's term for the change from tradition to rationality as the dominant mode of human thought
rationalization
an organizational model rationally designed to perform tasks efficiently
bureacracy
a range of factors outside the organization that affects its operation
organizational environment
a preoccupation with rules and regulations to the point of thwarting an organization's goals
bureacratic ritualism
the tendency of bureaucratic organizations to perpetuate themselves
bureaucratic inertia
the rule of the many by the few
oligarchy
Frederick Taylor's term for the application of scientific principles to the operation of a business or other large organization
Scientific management