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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
status
socially defined position in a group or society
social differentiation
process by which different statuses develop in any group,organization, or society
social stratification
system of a structured social inequality
estate system
the ownership of property and the exercise of power is monopolized by an elite who have total control over societal resources
caste system
one's place in the stratification system is an ascribed status
social class(class)
is the social structural position groups hold relative to the economic, social, political, and cultural resources of society
life chances
meaning the opportunites that people have in common by virtue of belonging to a particular class
status attainment
process by which people end up in a given position in the stratification system...describes how factors such as class origins, education level, and occupation produce class location
prestige
value others assign to people in groups
occuptational prestige
the subjective evaluation people give to jobs
educational attainment
the total years of formal education,,,the more years the more likely a person will have higher class status
urban underclass
added to the lower class
meritocracy
a system in which one's status is based on merit or accompishments not other social characteristics
social mobility
system in which one's status is based on merit or accompishments not other social characteristics
class consciousness
the perception that a class structure exists along with a feeling of shared identification with others in one class that is those who whom you share life chances
false consciousness
determines the consciousness of subordinate classes who had internalized the view of the dominant class
Karl Marx
provided a complex and profound analysis of the class system under capitalism, an analysis that although more than 100 years old continues to inform sociological analyses and has been the basis for major world changes
Ideology
refers to belief systems that support the status quo
Max Weber
agreed with marx that classes were formed around economic interest and he agreed that material forces have a powerful effect on people's lives
Poverty Line
the amount of money needed to support the basic needs of a household...as determined by government
Feminization of Poverty
the increasing proportion of the poor who are women and children
Culture of Poverty
attributed the major causes of poverty to the absence of work values and the irresponsibilty of the poor
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
stipulates a lifetime limit of five years for people to receive aid and requires all welfare recipients to find work within two years