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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
social group
colletion of people who interat with one another and have a certain feeling of unity
social aggregate
a number of people who happen to be in one place but do not interact with one another
social category
number of people who have something in common but who neither interact with one another nor gather in one place
the group to which an individual is strongly tied as a member
the grou of which an individual is not a member
reference group
group that is used as the frame of reference for evaluating one's own behavior(gang)
instrumental leaders
those who achieve their group's goal by getting others to fous on task performance
expressive leaders
those who avhieve group harmony by making others feel good
laissez-faire leader
lets others work more or less on their own
idiosyncrasy credit
the privelege that allows leaders to deviate from their groups' norms or, by extension, their society's norms
the tendency for members of a cohesive group to maintain a consensus to the extent of ignoring the truth
social network
web of social relationships that links individuals or groups to one another
formal organization
grou whose activities are reationally designed to achieve speific goals
coercive organizations
force or threat of force is used to achieve the organization's goal of keeping the inmates in (prison, concentration camp)
utilitarian organizations
higher participants use incentives such as money to ensure that the lower participants work to achieve the organization's goals (factories, businesses)
normative organizations
power over participants based on persuasion, exhortation, social pressure, or public recognition. most participants generally want to do what the org is asking (church, political party)
mixed organizations
depend on different types of power (pretty much everything, military)
informal organiztion
group formed by informal relationships among members of an organization- based on personal interaction
normative theories
theories that suggest what we SHOULD do to achieve our goals
Parkinson's law
"work expands to fill the time available for its completion."
Peter principle
"In every hierarchy, every employee tends to rise to his or her level of incompetence." competent employees keep on getting promoted until they hit high enough that they are incompetent