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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Parts of our lives not affected by our culture
Nothing; everything is affected by culture
Knowledge,values,customs,and physical objects that are shared by members of a society
A specific territory inhabited by people who share a common culture
Inate (unlearned) patterns of behavior; genetically (blink,suck,clutch)
Automatic reactions to physical stimulus
impulses to reduce discomfort
Genetic Inheritance/ Biological Characteristics
nature vs. nurture; we are genetically the same; culture channels the biological needs
The study of the biological basis of human behavior; Darwinism (associated with)
Criticism of Sociobiology
The importance placed on genetics could be used as a justification to label specific races as superior and inferior
Nature vs. Nurture Debate
What makes us who we are? Nature-genetics? Nurture-culture,society?
Belief your culture is superior; can be positive or negative
Cultural relativism
Judging a different culture by our standerds
A thing that stands for or represents something else
Language and Culture
Language frees humans from the limits of time and place; language allows to create culture
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
Theory stating that our idea of reality depends largely upon language
Vocabulary and Culture
When something is important to society, it's language will have many words to describe it
Language and World view/perception
People can begin to view the world differently as they learn a new language and vocabulary the learned from birth; more languages you know, the broader the perspective.
Cultural Relativism
Learning to look at things from a point of view different from your own and not making value judgments based on your beliefs and norms.
Components of Culture
Normative, cognitive, and material
Rules defining appropriate and inappropriate behavior
Cultural Etiquette
Norms and customs in foreighn places
William Graham Sumner
Early sociologist who wrote about norms
Norms that lack moral significance
Norms that have moral dimensions and the should be followed by members of the society
A rule of behavior, the violation of which calls for strong punishment
A norm that is formally defined and enforced by officals
Patterns of Tourism
Most international travel occurs amoung countries sharing common cultural traditions and languages
Silly Laws
There are many laws throughout the country whose existances have been long forgotten
Rewards and punishments used to encourage people to follow norms
Formal Sanctions
Sanctions imposed by persons given special authority
Informal Sanctions
Rewards or punishments that can be applied by most members of a group
Broad ideas about what is good or desirable shared by people
Values and Norms
Norms are based on values; values are the source
Basic Values/ Robin Williams
Achievement and success, activity and work, efficiency and practicality, equality , democracy, and group superiorority
New Values
Optimism, honesty and friendliness; religion, youth, education, entertainment, and relationships
Non material culture
Ideas, knowledge, and beliefs that influence people's behavior
Ideas about the nature of reality
Material Culture
The concrete, tangible objects of a culture
Help women to give birth; pepper and newspaper; the violence of the sneeze reverbarated through her body to force the baby from her womb.
Material Culture and Non material Culture
We label items; tangile items are not difined their characteristics
Ideal Culture
Cultural guidelines that group members claim
Real Culture
Actual behavior pattern of members of a group
Cultural change
Norms, values, and beliefs are more stable; material objects change
The process of finding something that already exists
The creation of something new
The borrowing of aspects of culture from other cultures ex: Clothing, music, food etc.
How do Schools and Parents Fail Teens
Parents and schools letting teens know that their experiences are mostly the same as others
Social Categories
Gropuings of persons who share a social characteristic
A group that is part of the dominant culture but that differs from it in some important aspects
A subculture deliberately and consciously opposed to certain central beliefs or attitudes of the dominant culture
Cultural Universals
gereral cultural traits that exist in all cultures
Cultural Perticulars
The ways in which a culture expresses universal traits
Cause of Cultural Universals
biological (sleep, eat)
Cultural Lag
When our technology moves ahead of our norms and values