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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The shared products of human groups. These products include both physical objects and the beliefs, vaues and behaviors shared by the group.
group of mutually interdependent people who have organized in such a way to share a common culture and a feeling of unity
shared beliefs about what is good or bad, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable
norms that have great moral significance attached to them
culture complexes
clusters of interrelated culture traits
cultural universals
common features that are found in all human cultures
cultural relativism
belief that cultures should be judged by their own standards
group that rejects the value, norms, and practices of the larger society and replaces them with a new set of cultural patterns
material culture
physical objects created by human groups-- Sociologists and anthropologists use the term artifacts to refer to the physical object of material culture
knowledge and tools people use for practical purposes
shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in specific situations
written rules of conduct that are enacted and enforced by the government -- By definition, the violation of these norms is considered a criminal act.
nonmaterial culture
abstract human creations, such as language, ideas, beliefs, rules, skills, family patterns, work practices, and political and economic system
norms that do not haave great moral significance attached to them- the common customs of every day life
culture trait
individual tool, act, or belief that is related to a particular situation or need
cultural patterns
combination of a number of culture complexes into an interrelated whole
cultural patterns
combination of a number of culture complexes into an interrelated whole
tendency to view one's own culture and group as superior to all other cultures and groups
group with its on unique values, norms, and behaviors that exists within a larger group
Horace Miner
(1950s) Anthropologist who examined some of the rituals of the Nocirema Culture which is known as the American Culture-- highly developed market economy which has evolved in a rich natural habitat.
Margaret Mead
(1930s) Anthropologist who conducted a now-classic study of cultural variation-- tried to determine whether differences in basic temperament result mainly from inherited characteristics or from cultural influences.
Jane Addams
(1860)Born in wealthy Quaker family in Cedarville, Illinois. This person set up the Hull House 1889 where welfare, educational, and recreational services were offered for poor residents in neighborhoods. This person wanted to know exact nature of poor people's problems.
Linguist Benjamin Whorf
Social scientist who believes language plays an important role in determining the content of culture. Created the linguistic-relativity hypothesis consists of 2 basic profile: 1) states that language shapes the way people think 2) people who speak different languages perceive the world in different ways