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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sociological perspective
Directs one to see the link between society and their behaviors
Sociological imagination
The ability to apply reason and see the links between personal and social
Social fact
Patterned ways of behaving thinking or feeling generated at the personal level and observable at the societal level
Emile Durkheims
Studies of suicide believes in anomie-society provides little support
Aguste Comte
coined the term sociology
functionalist perspective
views society as a stable and orderly system with inter related parts
Social structure
is made up of the stable organized patterns of social relationships existing within a society or particular group
Provides the context within which we interact others
Parsons and Merton
contemporary functionalist theorist who further refined the functionalist perspective
came up with Manifest and latent functions
Manifest functions
intended, expected, consequence
latent function
largely unintended consequence
Conflict perspective
Views society as groups with clashing interests who engage over a struggle of scarce social resources
Conflict perspective
Views social conflict as an inevitable and permanent feature of society which has beneficial consequences and has the possibility of social change that will lead to a better society
Karl Marx
elaborated on the conflict perspective with bourgeoisie and proletariat
Capitalist class owns key economic resources, the means of production
The working class
Macro level
Examines social institutions and large scale social processes (Functionalist and conflict perspective)
Functionalist theory attempts to explain what
social stability
Conflict theory attempts to explain what
social change
symbolic interaction perspective
Views society as the product of everyday interaction between people and groups
George Herbert Mead
Explored the social influences on the development of sense of self
Charles Horton Cooley
He came up with the looking glass self
Looking Glass Self
sense of self is based on how we think others see us
Erving Gaffman
Dramaturgical analysis is what he calls his approach to understanding social life