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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
achieved status
social position acquired through our own efforts or accomplishments or taken on voluntarily
ascribed status
social position acquired at birth or taken on involuntarily later in life
subgroup of a triad, formed when tow members unite against the third member
conflict perspective
theoretical perspective that views the structure of society as a source of inequality, which always benefits some group at the expense of other groups
language, values, beliefs, rules, behaviors and artifacts that characterize a society
group consisting of two people
feminist perspective
theoretical perspective that focuses on gender as the most important source of conflict and inequality in social life
process through which people's lives all around the world become economically, politically, environmentally, and culturally interconnected
set of people who interact more or less regularly and who are conscious of their identity as a unit
latent function
unintended, unrecognized, consequences of activities that help some part of the social system
manifest function
intended, obvious consequences of activities designed to help some part of the social system
culturally defined standard or rule of conduct
large, complex network of positions created for a specific purpose and characterized by a hierarchical division of labor
primary group
collection of individuals who are together over a relatively long period, whose members have direct contact with and feel emotional attachment to one another
set of expectations-rights, obligations, behaviors, duties-associated with a particular status
role conflict
frustration people feel when the demands of one role they are expected to fulfill clash with the demands of another role
secondary grup
relatively impersonal collection of individuals that is established to perform a specific task
social institution
stable set of roles, statuses, groups, and organizations-such as the institution or education, family, politics, religion, health care or the economy-that provides a foundation for behavior in some major area of social life
population of people living in the same geographic area who share a culture and a common identity and whose members fall under the same political authority
any named social position that people can occupy
structural-functionalist perspective
theoretical perspective that posits that social institutions are structured to maintain stability and order in society
something used to represent or stand for something else
symbolic interactionism
theoretical perspective that explains society and social structure through an examination of the micro-level, personal, day-to-day exchanges of people as individuals, pairs or groups
group consisting of three people
standard of judgment by which people decide on desirable goals and outcomes