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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a population that differs from others in the frequency of certain hereditary traits
biological race
categories of people set apart from others because of socially defined physical characteristics
races
statuses based on cultural heritage and shared "feelings of peoplehood"
ethnicity
a category of people set apart from others because of distinctive customs and lifestyles
ethnic group
a category of people who are set apart for unequal treatment because of physical or cultural characteristics
minority group
preconceived judgments about a category of people
prejudice
beliefs and attitudes that one racial category is inherently superior or inferior to another
racism
a weak, convenient, and socially approved target
scapegoat
the tendency to judge the customs of others according to one's own cultural standards
ethnocentrism
static and oversimplified ideas about a group or a social category
stereotypes
an economic situation in which 2 groups of workers are willing to do the same work for different wages
split labor market
unequal treatment of people because of their group membership
discrimination
attacks on minority group members, from social slights and insults to murder
personal discrimination
minority group members are denied lawful access to public insitutions, jobs, housing, and social rewards
legal discrimination
unequal treatment of a group that is deeply embedded in social institutions
institutional discrimination
when racial and ethnic groups cooperate while still retaining their distinctive identities and lifestyles
cultural pluralism
a process in which minority groups lose their distinctive identities and conform to cultural patterns of the dominant group
assimilation
physical or social exclusion of minority groups from dominant group activities
segregation
deliberate and systematic elimination of minority group members
genocide
all weather liberals, believe in equal opportunity for all
unprejudiced nondiscriminators
fair weather liberals; free of prejudice but when it is expedient, profitable, or otherwise seems justifiable, they may discriminate against others
unprejudiced discriminators
fair weather bigots; do not believe in equal opprtunity and hold many prejudices toward racial and ethnic groups, but they do not discriminate because they fear the consequences
prejudiced nondiscriminators
all weather bigots; unashamed bigots who do not believe in equal opprtunity at least for certain groups and discriminate against racial and ethnic minorities freely
prejudiced discriminators
encourage the hiring of less qualified workers due to having to hire a certain number of minorities
affirmative action
fair weather liberals; free of prejudice but when it is expedient, profitable, or otherwise seems justifiable, they may discriminate against others
unprejudiced discriminators
fair weather bigots; do not believe in equal opprtunity and hold many prejudices toward racial and ethnic groups, but they do not discriminate because they fear the consequences
prejudiced nondiscriminators
all weather bigots; unashamed bigots who do not believe in equal opprtunity at least for certain groups and discriminate against racial and ethnic minorities freely
prejudiced discriminators
encourage the hiring of less qualified workers due to having to hire a certain number of minorities
affirmative action