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16 Cards in this Set

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Culture
the beliefs,values, norms,language, behaviors, and material objects that are passed down from one generation to the next.
Characteristics of culture
culture is:
shared
learned
taken for granted
symbolic
varies across time and place
Material culture
things you can touch,taste, ect.
nonmaterial culture
a groups way of thinking
gestures languages
gesture
shorthand form of communication the only global one is facial expressions
Language
allows:
human experience to be cumulative.
for shared definitions/meanings.
for complex, shared, goal-directed behavoirs
Values
standards by which a society or group defines what is desirable
Norms
specific cultural expectations for how to behave in a given situation
Folkways
norms that are not strictly enforced
Mores
strict norms that control moral and ethical behavior
Taboos
strict norms that when violated bring feelings of revoltion and disgust
Laws
written guidelines that define right and wrong in society
Endocentrism
judging other cultures using your own culture as a yarstick
cultural relativism
viewing other cultures in terms of the meaning with in that culture
Subculture
culture with in the larger dominant culture
Countercultures
culture whose values and beliefs are at odds with the larger dominant culture