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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
credential societies
employers use diplomas and degrees to determine who is eligible for a job.
manifest functions
the positive things that people intend their actions to accomplish
latent functions
positive consequences not intended
Family
consists of people who consider themselves related by blood, marriage, or adoption.
Family of orientation
the family in which someone grows up in
Family of procreation
the family formed when a couple has their first child
mainstreaming
schools try to incorporate students with disabiltiies into regular school activities
marriage
a group's approved mating arrangements, usually marked by a ritual
gatekeeping
determining which people will enter what job
Mate selection
each human group establishes norms to govern who marries whom
tracking
sorting students into different programs on the basis of real or perceived abilities
hidden curriculum
the unwritten rules of behavior and attitudes that schools teach in addition to formal curriculum
Endogamy
people should marry within their own group
exogamy
people should marry outside their group
the rist research
demonstarted how the labels assigned by teachers end up acting as self-fulfilling prophecies
system of descent
the way people trace kinship over generations
george farkas
even though they had the same test scores, girls and Asians averaged higher course grades than boys and others
bilateral system
being related to both the mother's and father's side
patrilineal system
descent is only traced to father's side
matrilineal system
descent is traced only to mother's side
functionalists
believe the family is universal because it fulfills basic needs
conflict theorists
believe within the family there is a struggle over scarce resources.
romantic love
people being sexually attracted to one another and idealizing the other
homogamy
the tendency of people with similar characteristics to marrry one another
empty nest
when the last child leaves home, and the husband and wife are left
cohabitation
adults living together in a sexual relationship without being married
the sandwich generation
people who are responsible for both their kids and their aging parents
serial fatherhood
a divorced father tends to maintain high contact with his kids during the first year or two after the divorce