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30 Cards in this Set

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The Smiths are going Christmas shopping for their two children, Dick and Jane. They pan to buy Dick a Tonka truck and Jane a Barbie doll. Their selection of toys for their children is an example of ___________ by parents.
gender socialization
In Freud's theory, what part of the personality represents the pleasure-seeking aspect, demanding immediate fulfillment of basic needs such as attention, food, safety, and sex?
the id
For many college professors, their own teachers served as role models. Kody Scott looked up to older gang members as his idols. In both cases, former teachers and older gang members qualify as being _________.
Reference groups
Professor Murphy, an anthropologist, always wears his field vest to class. In it he seems to have everything he needs. Because he never seen on campus without it Professor murphys field vest serves as his ________.
Personal identity kit.
In 1890, the ratio of women in the workforce was _______. Today, the ratio of women in the workforce is almost _________.
1:5, 1:2
What is the term for gender discrimination against women who miss the work experience while they care for children at home?
the child penalty
The belief held by many African Americans that lighter skinned African American women are more attractive than those with darker skin is referred to as
the internalization of the norms of the dominant group
The notion that language determines our consciousness is the basic premise of which concept?
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
What is the most common marital status found among inmates in U.S. state prisons?
Never married
The sociological perspective emphasizes how the social context influences peoples lives, particularly how people are influenced by.
society
In society, which group has the greatest power, privileges, and social status?
The dominant group
How has the rate of cohabitation changed over the past 30 years?
It has risen tenfold.
The Wall Street Journal has declared that the three greatest modern thinkers were
Karl Marx, Signmund Freud, and Albert Einstein.
John recently received his semester grades and found that he had failed two courses. John believes women are really not smart enough to teach at the college level. In this example the female professors are
scapegoats and being blamed for John's grades.
Ritualistic procedures intended to humiliate norm violators and mark them as being more outcasts of the group to which they once belonged are called
degradation ceremonies
When Harry returned from a business meeting in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, his wife asked him what he though of the Vietnamese people. Harry's reply best qualifies as an example
ethnocentrism
The concept that describes opening a window into unfamiliar worlds that allows us to understand human behavior by placing it within its broader social context is called
the sociological perspective or imagination
The typical patterns of a group, such as its usual relationships between men and women or students and teachers, are referred to as
social structure
Based on the average of 60 nations, what three occupations enjoy the highest prestige ratings?
college president, Supreme Court judge, astronaut
The significance of names or reputations given to people when they engage in certain types of behavior is the focus of ________ theory.
labeling
Sociologists use the concept of "norms" to describe
expectations or rules of behavior that develop from values
The notion that the mass media represents the varied interests of many groups would reflect a position consistent with ________ theory.
functionalist
Kody is a member of the L.A .Crips. For Kody these two rival gangs would be considered
out-groups
Why do sociologists classify females as a minority group?
Women are discriminated against because of their physical characteristics.
It is still customary in U.S. society for a bride to accept her husbands last name and for the brides family to pay for the wedding/ What is the line of authority this represents?
patriarchy
Jean Piaget's use of the term "operational" is most aligned with the concept of
reasoning skills
Great Britain was one of the first nations in which industrial capitalism developed. According to world system theory, Great Britain would be a _____nation.
core
In what society were women and men often considered social equals?
hunting and gathering
According to control theory, when are inner controls most effective in deterring deviant behavior?
In the presence of attachments, commitments, and involvement with other members of society.
Although it is the most egalitarian, what was the one social division common to all hunting and gathering societies?
prestige based on male labor.