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30 Cards in this Set

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This is the period when re-marriage was very common due to high death rates.
The Colonial Period
This refers to the ways in which colonial families were viewed as miniature versions of the larger community, with the father at its head.
A Little Commonwealth
This term refers to the division of home and work that occurred during Industrialization in the US.
Separate Spheres
This theory is based on understanding the intersection of “individual time” with “historical time.”
Life Course Theory
This modern type of marriage emphasizes individual self-development and self-satisfaction, implying that the best/happiest marriages involve two well-developed, independent individuals
Independent/Interdependent
This is the first time in the US when children were viewed as “born innocent.”
Mid-19th century/Industrialization
This historical type of family served many functions. This family was the school, church, correctional institution, health care facility, and it served as a center for business and social welfare.
The Colonial Family
During this decade, people were getting married younger than they had been during Colonial times
The 1950s
This type of family is also known as the breadwinner/homemaker family. The emphasis is on marriage and personal satisfaction more than economic or childrearing concerns. It is based on rising level of individualism.
The Companionate Family
This is one adult, or two adults who are related by marriage, partnership, or shared parenthood, who is/are taking care of dependents, and the dependents themselves.
Public Family
This is two or more individuals who maintain an intimate relationship that they expect will last indefinitely-or in the case of a parent and child, until the child reaches adulthood-and who live in the same household and pool their incomes and household labor.
Private Family
These approaches to childrearing are used by modern families based on class differences, respectively, middle class and working class families use these different approaches
Concerted Cultivation and Natural Growth
This refers to Hochschild’s observation that men tend to share in the housework less than women and, as a result, they have more free time.
Leisure Gap
A set of beliefs concerning how one should feel or behave in a gendered way. These beliefs are a result of many influences including parents, peers, media, and personal experiences with work and sex.
Gender Ideology
A way of adapting one’s gender ideology to life’s conditions.
Gender Strategy
This describes what we want to be appreciated for, and what we want our partners to be appreciated for
Economy of Gratitude
Men with this gender ideology, according to Hochschild, support their wives working but still feel that their primary realm should be the home
Transitional
This concept suggests that we create the myth that problems in families are private, no public, or the idea that problems in your family are your own fault, not caused by the outside world
Cultural Cover Up
This term refers to the loss of skilled and semi-skilled jobs to developing countries where labor is cheaper.
Offshoring
This is a term for children who leave home for a certain amount of time and then coming back home to live with their parents
Boomerang Children
This generation of people has shouldered the burden of care for both their aging parents and their adult children
The Sandwich Generation
The expectation that colleges will train you rather than employers training you. Skills are no longer taught to the worker once they are hired; instead, the worker is responsible for already knowing those skills, putting the responsibility for training on the worker.
Offloading Job Training
This is 1/5 or 20% of some population. We use this measure when talking about the distribution of family income in the United States and the income group model of social class.
Quintile
The three models of work-family policies discussed in lecture and countries respectively modeling each policy
Laissez-faire (US)
Pro-Natalist (France)

Social Welfare (Norway)
This law governing marriage during the Colonial Period, made it so that the husband literally “covered” or encompassed the financial and legal identity of the wife.
Couverture
This refers to the belief that women were responsible for the moral and emotional well-being of their families.
Cult of True Womanhood/Domesticity
This doctrine stated that children were incipient citizens and that the state had an interest in ensuring their proper upbringing. This doctrine did not apply to slave children.
Parens Patriae
This is a type of social categorization measured through income, status, job security, and life chances
Social Class
This is the state of having too many different responsibilities with conflicting demands and it typically affects the psychological well-being of married mothers more than fathers.
Role Overload
This is a way of socializing men that emphasizes toughness, independence, and a distancing from ‘feminized’ ways of being, employed by stay at home dads in modern families
Hegemonic Masculinity