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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
characteristics of institutions
conservative, change slowly

closely linked to social structures, uphold societal values and norms

Interdependent rarely change, Industrial revolution changed family religion and education institutions
nature and extent of family violence
Spare the rod spoil the child
Economic problems increase stress
chemical and substance abuse
stress of family life itself

Functionalist-deviations from the norm

Conflict-women being powerless
reasons for high divorce rates
Individualism characteristic of America
Legal changes have occurred
Romantic Love often fades
Busy Lives=Stressful Marriages
Divorce more socially accepted
Women Less Dependent on Men
Decline of Religious Influence
Functionalist, Conflict and Interactionist views of Family
Functionalist-the family:socializes with the young, regulates sexual activity, provides social status/reputation, provides material/emotional support

Conflict-families are primary source of inequality (property/inheritance, patriarchy, race/ethnicity)

Interactionist-act out their parts and react to others
changing nature and roll of family
married couples with children declining
1 in 4 will live alone, more divorces
cohabitation more popular amongst gays/lesbians
women head more single parent families
gay and lesbian marriages being recognized in other countries/Mass.
define religion, four characteristics
a social institution involving belifs and practices based on a conception of the sacred

Rituals, Emotions/Feelings, Belief, Organization
ecclesia, church, sect, cult
ecclesia-state churches where everyone in that nation is a member by virtue of birth
church-type of religious organization that is well integrated into the larger society
sect-a type of religious organization that stands apart from the larger society.
cult-a religious organization that is largely outside a society's cultural traditions
religion from functionalist, conflict and interactionalist
Conflict-religion promotes social inequality and reinforces the unequal socioeconomic status quo.
Functionalists-religion functions for the individual and the society as a whole by bringing meaning, purpose, and answers to basic moral questions
interactionalists-religious beliefs are socially constructed as a means of responding to life's uncertainties and disruptions.
describe characteristics of fundamentalists
Fundamentalists-literal interpretation of scripture, nonacceptance of pluralism, pursuit of personal experience of God's presence, opposition to "secular humanism", conservative political goals
relate recent trends in religion
decline of Catholicism and protestantism
fundamentalist churches growing over last few decades.
describe the manifest and latent functions of education
manifest-socialization, transmission of culture and innovation, social control and integration

latent-education restricts competition and provides childcare, acts as a matchmaker and provides social networks, promotes conformity
define the hidden curriculum and explain the possible effect on students
subtle presentations of political or cultural ideas in the classroom. works against working class students by teaching them not to challenge authority
discuss the results of schooling for different groups of people
higher income, whites are more educated, followed by blacks and Hispanics
explain how tracking, credentialism, and I.Q. testing contribute to inequality in school
students from lower class backgrounds are put in lower learning groups even though they may be as smart as the better off kids
name five problems associated with contemporary education
school choice, home schooling, kids with disabilities, adult education, teacher shortage
6. discuss problems associated with school as a “bureaucracy.”
little individualized learning, rigid expectations, specialization, uniformity, numerical ratings
7. explain the significance of the Coleman Report.
1/3rd of black children still attend predominately black schools, 90% of white children go to predominately white schools, busing not very effective in changing these stats
8. explain how social inequality is present in delivery of health care.
rich have more access to health care than poor do.
10. illustrate the connection between health and behavior.
often our health is based on how we feel or act.
11. explain functionalist, conflict, and symbolic-interactionist
functionalist-medicine used to keep it's members healthy, sick role-do whatever it takes to get better, physicians roll-restore sick to healthy state

Symbolic Interactionist-helpful/harmful depends on how it's viewed in a host of ways that aren't always medical.