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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The values, bliefs, behavior, and material objects that together form a people's way of life
Culture
The intangible world of ideas created by memebers of a society
Nonmaterial Culture
The tangible things created by members of society
Material Culture
Personal Disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life
Culture shock
Anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture
Symbols
A system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another
Language
The process by which one generation passes culture to the next
Cultural transmission
The thesis that people perceive the world through the cultural lens of language
Sapir - Whorf thesis
Culturally defined standards by which people assess desirability, goodness, and beauty and that serve as broad quidelines for social living
Values
Specific statement that people hold to be true
Beliefs
Rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members
Norms
Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance
Mores
Norms for routine or casual interaction
Folkways
Attempts by society to regulate people's thought and behavior
Social control
Knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundings
Technology
Cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite
High culture
Cultural patterns that are widepspread amoung a society's population
Popular culture
Cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society's population
Subculture
An educational program recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promting the equlity of all cultural traditions
Multiculturalism
The dominance of African cultural patterns
Afrocentrism
Cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society
Counterculture
The close relationships amoung various elements of a cultural system
Cultural integration
The fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, disrupting a cultural system
Cultural lag
The practice of judging another bulture by the standards of one's own culture
Ethnocentrism
The practice of evaluating a culture by its own standards
Cultural relativism
Traits that are part of every known culture
Cultural universals
A theorectical paradigm tha explores ways in which human biology affects how we create culture
Sociobiology