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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
literally, an extraordinary gift from god; more commonly, an outstanding "magnetic" personality
a formal organization with a hierarchy of authority, a clear division of labor; emphasis on written rules, communications, and records, and impersonality of positions
voluntary association
a group made up of people who voluntarily organize on the basis of some mutual interest, also known as voluntary memberships
Marx Alienation
worker's lack of connection to the product of their labor; caused by their being assigned repetitive tasks on a small part of a product-this leads to a sense of powerlessness and normlessness
peter principle
laurence peter proposed that each employee of a bureaucracy is promoted to his or her level of incompetence
goal change
the adoption of new goals by an organization
formal organization
a secondary group designed to achieve explicit objectives
robert michels cointed the term the iron law of ogligarchy to refer to how organization come to be dominated by a small, self perpetuationg elite
quality circles
consists of workers and a manager or two who meet regulary to try timprove the quality of both working conditions and the companys products
talks about the "mcdonaldization" of society which ordinary aspects of life become rationalized and efficiency comes to rule them
having distinctive and cultural characteristics
physical characteristics that distinguish one group from the other
the systematic annhilation or attempted of a people based on race or ethnicity
the process of being absorbed into the main stream culture
institutional discrimination
negative treatment of a minority group that is built into a societys institutions
authoritarian personality- theodor adorno's term for people who are prjudiced and rank high on scales of conformity, intolerance, insecurity, respect for authority, and submissiveness to superiors
an economic system characterized by the private ownership of the means of production, the pursuit of profit, and market competition
an economic system characterized by the public ownership of the means of production, central planning, and the distribution of goods without a profit motive
a form of social stratification in which all positions are awarded on the basis of merit
a form of government in which power held by a small group of individuals; the rule of the main by the few