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34 Cards in this Set

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Agenda 21
The statement of action to pro-mote sustainable development agreed to by heads of state who met at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.
civil disobedience
The refusal to obey or follow laws one believes to be unjust or unfair; the intentional breaking of the law to gain the attention of government.

Agglomeration
A concentration of industries or other economic facilities in one place.

assimilation
Adoption, often by a minority group, of the customs and language of another cultural group so that the original culture disappears.
aboriginal title
Claims by Aboriginal people to lands that their ancestors inhabited.
carrying capacity
The number of people (or animals) that can he sustained by an area of land.
age structure
The composition of the population of a country based on the age groups of the population.

autonomy
The power to govern oneself and make one's own decisions.
agribusiness
An agricultural business where operations include growing, storing, processing, and distributing food and may be owned by a business corporation, a family, or an individual.
axis
The alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II.
amending formula
The process by which changes can legally be made to the Canadian Constitution.
Balance of power
The situation, especially before World War 1, in which the strong nations of Europe attempted to remain of equal strength militarily and in their alliances.
Allies
In World War I, Britain, France, and
Russia. In World War II, the term was applied
to Britain, France, the countries of the British
Commonwealth and after 194 1, the USSR
cabinet solidarity
The custom that cabinet members must not show public disagreement with government policies.

Armistice
An agreement by warring parties to end hostilities.
arable
Land that is used for farming.
Cabinet
The group of ministers chosen by the prime minister who decide government policy. Cabinet members usually have responsibility for particular departments of government ex. Foreign Affairs, Defence and justice.
Appeasement
The granting of concessions in order to maintain peace.
Cloning
The process of reproducing an organism asexually using DNA. The clone is identical
Biodiversity
The variety of living forms or species on the planet
civil law
The branch of the law that deals with relations between private parties such as individuals and corporations.
aquifer
A underground layer of rock that allows water to flow through it. If the flow of water is stopped by a layer of impermeable rock, the aquifer holds underground water supplies (see groundwater).
boreal
The coniferous or needle-leaf forest that lies between the treeless tundra and the mixed deciduous and coniferous forest to the south.
basic activities
Economic activities such as the mining of ore or public administration that support a community and serve a larger community outside the local area
capitalist
A person who practices or believes in capitalism. This is an economic system in which the production and distribution of goods are owned privately or by shareholders in corporations who have invested their money in the hope of making a profit.
Battle of the Atlantic
The struggle during World war II between the Allies and axis powers to Control the supply route for the allies across the Atlantic ocean.
caucus
A group of representatives in legislatures who belong to the same political party. Caucus meets behind closed doors to discuss policies.
Biosphere
The area of Earth that supports Life. It Consists of two parts: the atmosphere. the thin layers of gases and water vapour that surround, and the lithosphere, or Earth's crust, the layer on which we live.s the Earth
Cohort
an age group in a population
census
The collection of statistics about people and activities. In Canada, a census is held every ten years, with a less complete compilation every five years.
Branch plants
Factories, offices, or other operations set up in Canada but owned or controlled by U.S. or other foreign companies.
central business district (CBD)
The down-town area of a. city or town where most of the important commercial and government activities take place.


Baby boom
The increase in birh rate that ocurred after World War II.
British Commonwealth
an association of nations that were formerly colonies in the British empire. The Brithish Commonwealth of the Nations is now known as the commonwealth of nations