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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is a drug?
-habit-forming substance that directly affects the brain and nervous system
-has an effect on phsical, psychological and/or intellectual funtioning
-has the potential to be abused
-can have adverse consequences for the individual and/or society
ex - alcohol, caffine, prescription, marijuana
What is drug abuse?
-the regular or excessive use of a drug when, AS DEFINED BY A GROUP, the consequences endanger relationships with other people, one detrimental to a person's health, or jeopardize society itself
What is drug addiction
-intense craving for a drug that develops after a period of physical dependence
physical dependence
-the body has adjusted to the presence of a drug and will suffer pain
what are society's perceptions
they are often inconsistent with the actual effects
Labeling Theory of drug abusers
-occasional users are labeled as "abusers". continued use confirms this label, they may come to become a habitual drug user since they have the label. argues that occasional users should not be labeled as abusers
-does not explain "closet" alcoholics or those who are abusing drugs before being labeled
Differential Association theory of drug abuse *
-people are apt to learn and take on the drug use norms
Functionalist Theory of drug abuse
-states that drug use is caused by the weakening of norms within society against its use
-does not explain drug use in cultures with anti-drug use norms
drug abuse as a medical issue
-Britain allows narcotic (heroin, morphine and cocaine) addict to register and receive their drug at low or no cost
-they do not receive enough to produce a high, but just enough to prevent withdrawal symptoms
-the amount is gradually reduced
Drug abuse as a criminal issue *
Costs to the family
-monetary-could steal money, use clothes money, maybe can't work
-risk of intimate violence
-risk of abuse/neglect- particuar impact of methamphetamine (rural areas farms)
Economic Costs
-$143 billion are lost in US socity due to drug use
-this is from lost productivity by users
Economic Costs of underage drinking
-costs $62 billioin a year. 3200 deaths and 2.6 million other "harmful effects"
-traffic crashes, violence, teen pregnancies, STDs, burns, drowning, alcohol, poisoning, property damage, and other risks
Health Costs
-shortened life expectancy
-higher morbidity
-exposure to fatal illness such as HIV and Hepatitus
-Weakened immune system
-Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Effect
Health Costs of Alcohol use *
-10-12 years less life expectancy
Health Costs of marijuana use *
-short-term memory loss
Treatment alternatives
-inpatient treatment-rehab, live there, 30 days common
-outpatient treatment-can be whole day, half day and go home at night or can be meetings
-12 step programs-AA
-Therapeutic communities-people living together to overcome obstacle together
Prevention Strategies
-educational programs
-prevention of illegal drug trafficking accross the borders
-druf-testing programs
-stricter laws and enforcement
-decriminalization of drug abuse
-collective action
-viewing drug abuse as a health issue
What do social workers do?
-in and out patient treatment centers
-methadone clinics
-community development
-community mental health centers