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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Money paid by people to their government for things their governmetn does for them.
Stamp Act
March 1765, the British government decideed to charge the VA colony a new tax. This tax forced the colonists to buy stamps for many things that were printed like newspapers and calendars.
Patrick Henry
A Virginia Lawyer who did not like the Stamp Act.
Patrick Henry was a good speaker. He made speeches saying that only the VA General Assembly(the govt of VA) had the right to charge the poeple taxes.
The Burgesses decided to reject the Stamp Act. The colonist refused to buy the stamps.
taken away. British repealed the Stamp Act. One year after the Stamp Act was repealed, the British tried to tax the colonists again.
Townshend Acts
Laws passed by the govt in Britain which made the colonists pay taxes on things sent to the colony by Britain like tea, glass, and paint. A law that made colonists pay taxes on things sent.
Bringing into a countgry things or "goods" that come from another country. Tea, glass, and paint were imported from Britain.
Committees of Correspondence
Committees, or groups of people working together, that were formed in the colonies wrote letters to one another and shared news and ideas. Communication helped unite the thirteen colonies.
The Boston Tea Party
1773 - a group of angry Massachusetts colonists did not want to pay the tax on tea anymore. They dressed up like Indians and boarded a British ship in Boston's harbor. They dumped 342 chests of tea into the harbor.
The Boston Tea Party made King George angry. He ordered Boston harbor closed. The Burgesses of Virginia asked the Committees of Correspondence to call for a meeting of the 13 colonies.
Continental Congress
A meeting of representatives from each of the colonies. The first Continental Congress was held in Philadelphia in 1774.
Peyton Randolph
A representative from Virginia who was chosen to be president of the congress. The Congress decided to write to King George asking that Boston's harbor be opened again. They also told all the colonies to stop trading with Britain.
Thomas Jefferson
A famous Virginian who later became President of the United States. In 1776 he was a member of the General Assembly. He was asked by the Continental Congress to write the Declaration of Independence.
Declaration of Independence
An official piece of paper called a "document" that said that all people had rights like life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. It stated that colonies wanted independence from Britain.
July 4, 1776
Members of the Continental Congress signed the Declaration of Independence.
Virginians who signed included: George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Nelson Jr, Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton
The Revolutionary War
War between American colonists and Britain over American independence. Britain did not want the colonies to be independent. They sent armies to fight the American colonists.
Continental Army
The army of the colonists.
Colonists who wanted independence and supported the Continental Army. Patriots helped their army by giving them food and clothing and by providing gunpowder and lead for bullets.
Colonists who did not want to be independent from Britain and sided with British.
Slaves During the Revolution
Some slaves joined the loyalists. Over 30,000 slaves ran away to join the British army. Some were captured by the British army. Some were captured by the British during raids on Virginia farms and plantations. Some slaves fought as patriots. In 1777, French forces joined the patriots. A slave named James helped spy for the patriots and helped a French general named Lafayette. After the war, the General Assembly made James a free citizen. He was not slave anymore. Many other slaves fought bravely during the Revolutionary War.
The Capital moves to Richmond
In 1779, Virginia's leaders decided to move the Capital from Williamsburg to Richmond. Farther inland, it would be safer from attack from the British navy.