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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Name the 3 major responsibilities of US citizens.
1. Responsibility to Participate
2. Responsibility to Follow Laws
3. Responsibility to Vote
Name the 5 basic rights guaranteed to US citizens by the Constitutions.
1. Right to Freedom of Expression
2. Right to Freedom of Religion
3. Right to be Treated Equally
4. Right to be Treated Fairly
5. Right to Vote
Fifth grade students at Morningside Elementary who completes 20 hours of volunteer work during the year get to attend an end of year pool party. Some members of the class completed fewer than 20 hrs. of volunteer work. When Jack finds out that he can't attend the party, he complains that he and the others who didn't fully participate are being treated unfairly.
1. What is the problem in this scenario?

2. What individual rights might be affected in the scenario?

3. What responsibilities do citizens in the scenario need to fulfill to support the common good (what's best for most people)?
Name 3 branches of the US government and tell what each one does.
Executive - (Pres. Bush, Gov. Bob Erlich, County Executive Doug Duncan) enforces laws, provides for our defense, spends taxes

Legislative - (Congress Senate & House of Reps./Delegates, County Council) makes laws and decides how to spend taxes

Judicial - (US Supreme Court, MD Court, Mont. County District Court) decides what is fair
What happened during each of the 5 eras of US history?
Revolutionary War Era - Creating an Independent Nation

Growing Nation Era: Moving West

National Era: Keeping US united

World War Era: World Fights for Freedom

Building a Strong Society
Name the 5 movements of change.
1. Civil Rights Movement
2. Labor Movement
3. Women's Movement
4. Movements for Health and Safety
5.
What does it mean to work within and outside of the government, and to create a new system?
Within - follows laws; vote for people who create change; petition; work together with people who have same views; helpful to others; may not achieve change

Outside - only after trying to make change from within; break laws they think are unfair; may be arrested for breaking law & suffer consequences of current laws; dangerous; maybe violent; may not achieve desired change

Creating a New - only after working within and outside; only justifiable if there aren't other alternatives to being treated unfairly; overthrows existing govt. & starts new one; usually results in violence, war; may not achieve desired change
Tell me about the Proclamation of 1763.
issued by King George III after Great Britain's acquisition of French territory in N. America after the end of the French and Indian War. The purpose was to organize Britain's vast new North American empire, and to stabilize relations with North American Indians through regulation of trade, settlement, and land purchases on the western frontier.
Quartering Act
the name of at least two Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain; 1765 -provided that Great Britain would house its soldiers and provide the necessities at no charge
1774, Parliament passed a group of laws entitled the Coercive Acts (the colonists called them the Intolerable Acts) designed to restore imperial control over the American colonies
Stamp Act
stamp act is a law enacted by a government that requires a tax to be paid on the transfer of certain documents such as property deeds
Intolerable Acts
a series of laws passed by British Parliament in 1774 in response to unrest in thirteen American colonies, y. Enforcement of the Acts played a major role in the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War and the establishment of the First Continental Congress
Tea Act
An act to allow a drawback of the duties of customs on the exportation of tea to any of his Majesty's colonies or plantations in America
Boston Tea Party
a protest by American colonists against Great Britain; they destroyed many crates of tea bricks on ships in Boston Harbor; it took place on 1773, helped to spark American Revolution
Boston Massacre
killing of five civilians by British troops in 1770; helped to eventually spark American Revolutionary War
French and Indian War
the nine years North American chapter of the Seven Years War; conflict resulted in British acquiring Canada, while Spain gained Louisiana (New France) in compensation for its loss of Florida to British
What was misleading about the name given to the French and Indian War?
the French and Indians were on the same side, fighting against the British
What did the Treaty of Paris do?
it ended the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War
What were the consequences of the French and Indian War?
One result of the war was that Britain gained control of French Canada

The war changed economic, political, and social relations between Britain and its colonies