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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
French word meaning re-birth
Renaissance
Patron
supporters of the Arts
Perspective
A new way to paint art used by the Renaissance painters
Movable type
A new way to print
Telescope
Shows a better picture of outer space
Gravity
The force that holds objects to earth
Scientific method
The method that is used to find ideas while being tested
Reconquista
The plan to make Spain all Catholic
Clergy
church official
heresy
denying the beliefs of the church
Indulgence
A pardon for sins
Protestant
Church that was formd as a result of protest against the Roman Catholic church
Reformation
the movement that began in 16th century Europe as an attempt to reform the Catholic church - resulted in founding of Protestantism
Caravel
ATYPE OF SHIP THAT USED EITHER SQUARE OR LATEEN SAILS TO TRAVEL LONG DISTANCES
Circumnavigation
A journey around the world by ship
Armada
fleet of war ships
Who were the 6 Explorers of Europe?
Magellan, Dias, John Cabot, Vespucci, DiGama, Christopher Columbus,
Who explored Spain?
Magellan, Columbus
Who explored England?
John Cabot
Who explored Portugal
Dias, DiGama, Vespucci
Where did Columbus explore?
From Spain to San Salvador
Where did Magellan explore?
From Spain through the Strait of Magellan circumnavigated the world
Where did Magellan die?
In the phillipines where he was exploring. His crew returned without him.
Where did Dias explore?
From Spain to the tip of Africa
Where did Da Gama explore?
From Spain to India
Where did Vespucci explore?
From Spain to the coast of Brazil
Who invented the telescope?
Gallileo
Who stopped the Indulgences?
Martin Luther
What is the name of the English King in the 1400s?
Henry 7th
What is a group of artists
Guilds
Who was the greatest playwright of the time
William Shakespeare - The Bard
Who ruled during the New Monarchies?
Spain: King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella; France: Louis XI; and in England, Henry VII
Who sold indulgences and why?
Leo X sold them to raise money to rebuild St. Pters Churchin Rome
Who opposed the sale of indulgences?
Martin Luther - who was convicted of heresy for his protest (he later foundd the Lutheran church)
How did the Renaissance art differ from art of the Middle Ages?
Renaissance art used perspective and was more lifelike; the Middle Ages focused on religious subjects
What famous individual was a scientist, writer, philosopher, engineer, inventor and an artist?
Leonardo DaVinci
Who was Joannes Gutenberg and how did he help spread new learning in Europe
A german printer who made my mother happy by inventing the printing press which printed books!!
What is the relationship betwen Luther and the Protestants?
Luther founded the Lutheran Church to protest against the Catholics selling of INdulgenges; when the church tried to stop them, th people who opposed this became Protestants
Who was prince henry and what effect did he have on exploration?
He turnd Portugal into a world sea power; began a school for navigators and brought together the bst mapmakrs, scientiests and ship dsigners and paid for xplorations.
What two European nations were the first to begin overseas exploration?
Spain and Portugal