Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/71

Click to flip

71 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
An arc-shaped chain of islands.
archipelago
A dried stream that runs down mountains and when they’re filled, carry deposits of sand, rock, and gravel to the bottom of the mountain.
arrovo
A ring-shaped island formed by coral buildup on the rim of the underwater volcano.
atoll
A barren area with eroded ridges, peaks, and mesas, and sparse vegetation.
band lands
Ground which slopes to the water’s edge on a stream, lake, and river.
bank
A body of water partially enclosed by land with a wide outlet to the ocean.
bay
A sandy, pebbly, or rocky shore of a body of water.
beach
A tall, isolated rocky hill or mountain with a flat top and steep sides, which is smaller than a mesa.
butte
An artificial (man-made) waterway used for irrigation or travel.
canal
A deep valley with high, steep walls
canyon
A pointed piece of land jutting into the sea from the coastline of a continent or large island.
cape
The deepest part of a river harbor.
channel
An underground hollow with an opening at the surface.
cave
A steep, high face of rock.
cliff
A flat area of land along the coastline of a large body of water.
coastal plain
The line that forms the boundary between land and ocean or lake
coastline
The line that forms the boundary between land and ocean or lake
continent
A mound or ridge of coral polyps and their hard limestone remains, combined with sand and minerals.
coral reef
A bowl-shaped depression in the earth or a funnel-shaped opening of a volcano.
crater
A triangular plain formed by the gravel, silt, sand, and clay deposited at the river’s mouth where it slows to meet another body of water.
delta
A dry, barren region that receives little or no precipitation.
desert
A region that suffered a drought or a dust storm.
dust bowl
A long, narrow coastal valley between tall, rocky cliffs, gouged out by a glacier and flooded by the sea.
fjord
A large area thickly covered with trees.
forest
Land that gets flooded often. A plain build up or in the process of being built up by a stream deposition.
flood plains
A narrow valley or gorge cut by a stream.
Water ___ - if the stream still occupies the gap.
Wind ____ - if the stream is gone.
gap
A natural hot spring that intermittently ejects steam and hot water into the air.
geyser
A large body of ice that moves across the earth’s surface.
glacier
An area of a sea or ocean partially enclosed by land; larger than a bay.
gulf
A natural land elevation smaller than a mountain.
hill
A mass of floating ice that has broken away from a glacier.
iceberg
The interior part of a land mass.
inland
1. A ditch or watercourse
2. An embankment made to prevent flooding
dike
A piece of land, smaller than a continent, completely surrounded by water.
island
A narrow strip of land between two seas or oceans that connects two larger land areas.
isthmus
Land covered by dense tropical vegetation.
jungle
A shallow pool of water at the center of an atoll.
lagoon
A large inland body of fresh or saltwater.
lake
The bank of a river which has been built up by the deposition of silt when the water in the river overflows.
levee
A wetlands area always or sometimes covered with shallow water whose main type of plants are soft-stemmed reeds, rushes, sedges, and grasses.
marsh
Flattop, elevated landform. Larger than a butte, but smaller than a plateau.
mesa
Underwater mountains.
mid oceanic ridge
A ragged mass of rock that rises above the surrounding landscape with steep slopes and a peak or summit.
mountain
A series of mountains or mountain ridges closely related in position and direction.
mountain range
The place where a river enters the ocean.
mouth of the river
One of the largest bodies of salt water on the earth.
ocean
A narrow projection of a larger territory, as in Florida, Texas, and Oklahoma.
pan handle
A landform surrounded by water on three sides.
peninsula
Means “at the foot of a mountain.” The name applies to that region which extends along the foot of a rnage of hills or mountains.
piedmont
A high, flat landform with steep sides. Larger than a mesa.
plateau
A wide area of level or rolling, wet, tall grassland.
prairie
A dense tropical evergreen forest with an annual rainfall of at least 100 inches.
rainforest
A stream of water of considerable volume.
river
A ridge or hill of sand blown or drifted by the wind in deserts or on beaches.
sand dune
An open grassland with widely spaced trees in a hot, seasonally dry climate.
savanna
A body of saltwater surrounded almost entirely by land.
sea
The starting point at the sea used to measure the height of land.
sea level
A relatively narrow waterway joining two larger bodies of water.
strait
The place where a river begins.
source of the river
A long, relatively wide body of water larger than a channel or strait, that often connects larger bodies of water.
sound
A dry, often treeless area covered chiefly by short grasses.
steppe
A narrow strip of water extending into a body of land.
inlet
A mountain peak or the top of a hill.
summit
A lowland region saturated by water.
swamp
A boundary line on a mountain between where it is too cold for trees to grow, and where trees are plentiful.
timberline
A small river which runs into a larger river.
tributary
Vast treeless plains with permafrost and small, low plants.
tundra
An elongated lowland between mountain ranges or hills, often has a river or stream running along the bottom.
valley
An opening in the earth’s surface through which lava, ash, hot gasses, and rock fragment erupts.
volcano
A natural stream of water descending from a steep height.
waterfalls
A narrow cleft with steep rocky walls, especially one through which a stream runs; a small canyon.
gorge