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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A way of life shared by people with similar arts, beleifs, and customs.
The practice o breeding plants or taming animals to meet human needs.
Christopher Colombus
Tried to find a faster way to Asia and found America.
A ship with Triangulatr sails...
A 16th century religious movement to correct problems in the RCC.
The Person who plans the course of a ship while at sea.
A period in European history lasting from the 1300's to the 1600's.
A series of wars to capture the Holy land...
A political system in which the king allows nobles to use his land in exchage for their military service and protection of people living on the land.
European Middle Ages
A period in the late 400's to about the 1300's during which Europeans turned to Feudalism and manor system.
Areligion founded by the prophet Muhammad in 600's, which teaches that there is one god named Allah.
A follower of Islam.
Iraquais League
A 16th centuy alliance fo the Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca Native america groups living in the great lakes region.
Slash & Burn Agriculture
A farming method in which people clear feilds by cutting and burnin trees and grasses the Ashes of which fertilize the soil.
The use of tools and knowlege to meet human needs.
Mound Builders
An early Native American gruop who built earthen structures.
A form of culture characterized by city trade centers...
A grant of Native American labor.
The great aztec emporor.
Treaty of Tordesillas
On June 7, 1494 Spain and Portugal met at Tordesillas, Spain and signed a treaty moved the line 270 leagues west, to 370 leagues west of Cape Verde. This new line (located at approximately 46° 37') gave Portugal more claim to South America yet also provided Portugal with automatic control over most of the Indian Ocean.
Fransisco Pizarro
1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru.
Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson was the English navigator who crossed the Atlantic Ocean in 1609 and became the first European to sail up what is now the Hudson River in New York.
military leader in the Spanish conquest of the New World in the 16th cent.
Giovanni Da Verrazzano
1480–1527?, Italian navigator and explorer, in the service of France, possibly the first European to enter New York Bay. Sailing west to reach Asia, Verrazano explored (1524) the North American coast probably from North Carolina to Maine. In 1526, or later, sailing from France, he explored the West Indies, where he was killed by the natives.
Hernando Cortes'
1485–1547, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Mexico.
John Cabot
1461–98, English explorer, probably b. Genoa, Italy. He became a citizen of Venice in 1476 and engaged in the Eastern trade of that city. This experience, it is assumed, was the stimulus of his later explorations. Like Columbus (though there is no evidence that either influenced the other), he apparently believed that the riches of East Asia might be more easily reached by sailing west.
Spanish Armada
1588, fleet launched by Philip II of Spain for the invasion of England, to overthrow the Protestant Elizabeth I and establish Philip on the English throne; also called the Invincible Armada.
Samuel De Champlain
1567–1635, French explorer, the chief founder of New France.
Jacques Cartier
1491–1557, French navigator, first explorer of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and discoverer of the St. Lawrence River.023.
New France
the French colonies and possessions in North America up to 1763.
economic system of the major trading nations during the 16th, 17th, and 18th cent., based on the premise that national wealth and power were best served by increasing exports and collecting precious metals in return.
A large farm that raises cash crops.
Columbian Exchange
The transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between people in the eastern and western hemisphere.