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### 28 Cards in this Set

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• Back
 sphere a shape like a ball hemisphere half of a sphere globe a model of the Earth How many continents are there? 7 1/3 of the Earth is covered with large bodies of land (continents) oceans large bodies of water How many oceans are there? 4 2/3 of the Earth is covered with oceans, large bodies of water. history a special event that happened in the past. geography the study of the Earth, and the way people, plants, animals, live on it and use it. Some different types of maps are: * Grid * Elevation * Contour * Relief, etc. Parts of a map: * title * compass rose * key symbols * scale maps show parts of the Earth. main directions * North * South * East * West intermediate directions: middle directions. Lines of Longitude and Latitude: Longitude=Long Latitude=Wide How many miles around is the Earth? 20,000 miles around How much of the Earth can be seen at one time? 1/2 North Pole Northern most point of the Earth or top of the Earth. South Pole Southern most point of the Earth or bottom of the Earth. Lines of Longitude and Latitude imaginary lines that divide the Earth. Measured in degrees o Longitude Lines (Meridians) lines that run up and down that measure the degrees West or East of the Prime Meridian. Prime Meridian Line of Longitude that divides the Earth into the Western & Eastern Hemispheres. Latitude Lines (Parallels) lines that run left to right that measure the degrees North or South from the Equator. Equator Line of Latitude that divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. North America is in which 2 Hemispheres? North America is in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres. Continents 7 large land masses. Continent Song: North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, Australia, Asia and Africa