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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Polis
Greek term for "city-state" (city and its surrounding countryside)
Philosophy
term derived from Greek, meaning "love of wisdom"
Republic
Nation with a strong national government headed by elected leaders
Emperor
absolute ruler of an empire
Pope
head of Roman Catholic Church
feudalism
Political and social system in which a lord gave land to a noble to work, govern, and defend for the noble's loyalty
manor
feudal estate made up of manor house or castle and land
serf
peasent laborer
guild
medieval workers' organization
charter
written agreement guaranteeing privileges and freedoms
indulgences
pardons for sins, giving or sold by the Catholic Church
reform
to improve by changing
revolution
great and often violent change
constitution
formal agreement that establishes the basis for a country's laws
imperialism
system of building foreign empires for military and trade advantages
alliance
pollitical agreement between countries to support each other in disputes between other countries
Holocaust
systematic murder by Adolf Hitler and his followers of more than 12 million people, including 6 million European Jews, during World War II
genocide
mass murder of a people because of their race, religion, ethnicity, politics, or culture
Cold War
conflict between the U.S. and the Soviet Union dating from the late 1940's to the late 1980's when the two super powers completed for world influence without declared military action at each other
capitalism
economic system that allows private ownership and open competitions of businesses