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34 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Anitfederalists
Those people who opposed the Constitution.
Articles of Confederation
The First American constitution, adopted by the 13 states in 1781.
Bill of Rights
10 ammendments to the Constitution that added to the strength and flexibility of this great document
Constitutional Convention
A meeting held in 1787 to consider changes to the Articles of Confederation.
Daniel Shays
Was one of the angry farmers that led a rebellion on farm taxes.
Federalists
A political party formed during the early years of coutry that believed in a strong central government
Great Compromise
A compromise that proposed one representative for every 30,000 inhabitants; didn't solve all the problems of representation, though
James madison
1751-1836 fourth president of the united States and the author of "The Federalists papers". he was known as the "Father of the Constitution" becuase of his influence at the Constitutional Convention.
Land Ordiance of 1785
the law that set up a system for settling the North West territory. Land was surveyed then divided into townships.
Mercy Otis Warren
Respected writer and Antifederalists who wanted a bill of rights to guard against abuses of power.
New jersey Plan
Plean that called for a unicarmeral, or one-house legislature with each state entitled to one vote.
Northwest Ordiance of 1787
The law that decided how parts of the NW territory would become states.
Roger Sherman
Proposed the Great Compromise
Shay's rebellion
Revolt of Massachusetts farmers against high state taxes, led by Daniel Shay's
Three-Fifths Compromise
Only portion of slaves in each state would be counted as part of that state;s population.
Virginia Plan
Proposed by James madison. Provided the broad outline for our national government.
Virginia Statute for religious Freedom
A paper drawn by up by Thomas Jefferson that stated that all people existing organization of Congress.
amendments
a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bull or constitution etc.)
checks and balances
System established by the framers of the Constitution to prevent any branch of government from becoming too powerful.
William Paterson
New Jersey delegate who presented the New Jersey Plan, which proposed keeping the existing organization of Congress.
constitution
the basic laws and principle under which a coutry, state or organization is governed.
creditors
a person to whom money is owed by a debtor; someone to whom an obligation exists.
debtors
a person who owes a creditor; someone who has the obligation of paying a debt.
depression
a period of drasric decline in the national economy, characterized by decreasing business activity, falling prices and unemployment.
executive branch
the part of government that enforces laws
federalism
shared power between national and state government
interstate commerce
trade between two or more states
judical branch
the part of government that reviews laws
legislative branch
the part of government that makes laws
natural rights
a belief that individuals are naturally endowed with basic human rights that cannot be taken away or given up.
ratification
the formal approval of something
republic
type of government in which the head of state is elected and in which the poeple hold the polotical power.
suffrage
term referring to the right to vote
tarrifs
governments taxes on imports or exports