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34 Cards in this Set

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presidio
Spanish fort in the Americas built to protect misson settlements.
Samuel de Champlain
Named Lake Champlain after himself.
borderlands
Lands along the edges of a territory or claimed piece of land.
Creole
mid-ranking person in Spanish colonial America born in New Spain of Spanish parents.
San Diego
the first mission built between San Diego and San Francisco.
Giovanni da Verrazano
Explored the east coast of North America, including New York harbor.
Robert de La Salle
Explored the Great Lakes and founded Louisiana after reaching the mouth of the Mississippi River.
Atahualpa
Incan ruler who had a civil war with his brother.
Pedro Alvares Cabral
Sailed to Brazil.
John Cabot
Rediscovered Newfoundland(east coast of North America)
Francisco Pizarro
The Spanish conquistador who was the leader of the attack against the Inca people.
Vasco da Gama
Sailed around Africa to India.
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
Organized a large expedition to the Southwest to find the fabled Seven Cities of Cibola in 1540. He explored the southwestern part of North America.
Juan Ponce de Leon
Explored Puerto Rico and Florida.
Samuel de Champlain
Explored the St. Lawrence River and founded Quebec.
Hernando do Soto
Went in search of the seven cities of gold. He started the search in Florida and for the next 2 years he claimed all the land he explored for Spain.
Bartolome de Las Casas
devoted his life to trying to change the Spaniards abuse of the Native Americans.
Malintzin
Native American princess who met Cortes.She spoke both Nahuatl, the language of the Aztec, and the Mayan language.
Bartolomeu Dias
Sailed around the southern tip of Africa.
Henry Hudson
Explored the Hudson River.
viceroy
A governor of the Spanish empire ruling in the Americas.
Francisco Coronado
Explored southwestern North America.
Ferdinand Magellan
First to sail around the world.
Jacques Cartier
Explored the St. Lawrence River.
Christopher Columbus
Explored the islands of the Caribbean Sea.
Hernando de Soto
Explored Central America and led expedition to the Mississippi River.
Hernan Cortes
Instead of a god, Cortes was a Spanish conquistador, a Spanish term for conqueror.
Pueblos
Home built of adobe by Native Americans, or a community of these homes.
Missions
Religious community, often near a small town and surrounding a church.
Cabeza de Vaca
Explored Spanish northern Mexico and Brazil.
peninsulare
government and church offical in Spanish colonial America who had been born in Spain.
mestizo
person in the Spanish colonies of both Spanish and Native American parents.
Jacques Marquette/Louis Joliet
Explored the Mississippi River
Juan Cabrillo
Explored the west coast of North America.