Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/44

Click to flip

44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Tax on goods brought into a country
A. tariff
B. states' rights
C. free state
D. slave state
Idea that the states, rather than the national government should have the final say over their own affairs
A. tariff
B. states' rights
C. free state
D. slave state
State that did not allow slavery before the Civil War
A. tariff
B. states' rights
C. free state
D. slave state
State that allowed slavery before the Civil War
A. tariff
B. states' rights
C. free state
D. slave state
Why did most people in the South oppose tariffs?
Because they had to pay a higher price for goods manufactured in Europe
How did Kansas get its nickname, "Bleeding Kansas?"
Because of the fighthing over whether to be a free state or a slave state
Why wouldn't the Supreme Court give Dred Scott his freedom?
He was a slave and did not have any of the rights and privileges of an American citizen
Freeing of enslaved people
A. emanciaption
B. fugitive
C. underground
D. abolitionist
A person who is running away from something
A. emanciaption
B. fugitive
C. underground
D. abolitionist
Done in secret
A. emanciaption
B. fugitive
C. underground
D. abolitionist
A person who wanted to end slavery
A. emanciaption
B. fugitive
C. underground
D. abolitionist
Why was slavery important in the South?
Because Southerners depended on slaves to work in their mines, factories, and plantations
What did slave codes say?
1. slaves couldn't leave their owner's land
2. slaves were not allowed to read or write
3. slaves couldn't speak against slavery
What did the Fugitive Slave Act say?
1. anyone caught helping a slave escape could be punished
2. runaway slaves had to be returned to the South
What was the Underground Railroad?
A system of secret escape routes leading to free lands
Who was Harriet Tubman?
A famous conductor on the Underground Railroad
Who was the first organized religious group to work against slavery?
The Quakers
To leave
A. secede
B. Confederacy
C. abolitionist
A group of 11 states that left the Union
A. secede
B. Confederacy
C. abolitionist
What political party did Abraham Lincoln join?
The newly formed Republican Party
What happened after Lincoln was elected president?
7 Southern states seceded from the Union
Who was president of the Confederate States of America?
Jefferson Davis
When and where did the Civil War begin?
In 1861 at Fort Sumter, South Carolina
To fall back
A. retreat
B. border state
C. casualty
A state that was unsure which side to support
A. retreat
B. border state
C. casualty
A person who has been killed or wounded
A. retreat
B. border state
C. casualty
Where was the first major battle of the Civil War?
Bull Run, Virginia
What was Southern General Thomas Jackson's nickname?
Stonewall Jackson
What states were the border states?
Maryland, Missouri, Delaware, and Kentucky
What was the capital of the Confederacy?
Richmond, Virginia
Who was the commander of the Southern army?
Robert E. Lee
The battle at Antietam, Maryland, was the battle that had the highest number of what?
Casualties in one day
President Lincoln ordered the Emancipation Proclamation, what did it do?
Freed all the slaves
Who was Clara Barton?
A Civil War nurse who founded the American Red Cross
Why was the victory at Vicksburg, Mississippi important for the North?
Because it gave the Union control of the Mississippi River
Where was Stonewall Jackson shot?
He was shot at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia and he later died
Where was the major Civil War battle that took place in PA in July of 1863?
Gettysburg
What was Pickett's Charge?
A Confederate attack at Gettysburg
What happened at Pickett's Charge?
15,000 soldiers charged across an open field and attacked the Union army
Why did President Lincoln give the Gettysburg address?
To dedicate a cemetery for Union soldiers who died in the Battle of Gettysburg
Who took command of all Union armies in 1864?
Ulysses S. Grant
What was the name of the Union General that took part in the March to the Sea in Georgia?
General William Sherman
What happened at the Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia in 1865?
Lee surrendered to Grant
Social Studies Flashcards
Chapter 12
The Nation Divided
Social Studies Flashcards
Chapter 12
The Nation Divided