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66 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Favorite Son
candidates that received the backing of their home states rather than that of the national party
Majority
more than half the votes
Plurality
largest single share
Mudslinging
attempts to ruin opponents' reputation with indsults
Landslide
overwhelming victory
Suffrage
right to vote
Bureaucracy
system in which noneleceted officials carry out laws
Spoils System
practice of replacing government employees with the winning candidate's
Nominating conventions
which delegates from the states selected the party's presidential candidate
Tariff
fee paid by merchants who imported goods
Nullify
cancel
Secede
breks away from Untied States and form own government
Relocate
to force a person or a group of people to move
Gueririlla Tactics
referring to surprise attacks or raids rather than organized warfare
Analyze how President Jackson reacted to the Supreme Court decision supporting the Cherokees' rights.
President Jackson supported Geeorgia's efforts to remove the Cherokee. He vowed to ignore the Supreme Courts ruling.
How were the Seminole able to resist relocation?
The Seminole resisted relocation by going to war against the United States.
How was Georgia's policy toward the Cherokee different from the previous federal policy?
This policy was different because the federal government recognize the Cherokee as a new nation Georgia ignored the Cherokee and wanted them out of their land.
Cherokee's movement out of their land.
1835 treaty with Cherokee--> 17,000 refused to sign the treaty--> General Winfield Scott came to remove the Cherokee from their homes and lead west--> Moved west (Trail of Tears)
Which groups of Native Americans were located in Alabama? What does the inset map show? In what area of Florida was the Seminole reservation?
The Creek and Seminole Native Americans lived in Alabama. The inset map shows Florida. This was the North and the Northeast of Florida.
Veto
reject
Depression
a period in which business and employment fall to a very low level
Laissez-Faire
the government that should interfere as little as possible in the nation's economy
Log Cabin Campaign
name given to William Henry Harrison's campaign for the presidency in 1840, from the Whigs' use of a log cabin as their symbol
List Jackson's reasons for wanting "kill" the Bank of the United States.
When the bill to renew the Bank's charter came to Jackson for signiture, he was sick in bed. Jackson said "The bank is trying to kill me. But I will kill it!" Jackson vetoed the bill.
Why did president Van Buren do little to solve the nation's economic problems during the depression?
He did little to solve the problem because he beleived in Laissez-Faire
What tactics did the Whigs borrow from Jackson's campaign to win the election of 1840?
The Whigs elected William Henry Harrison to run against President Van Buren.
Painc of 1837 affected the presidency of Martin Van Buren.
Panic--> People left jobs--> Democratic Party Split
Do you think Bank of the United States portayed positively or negatively?
This cartoon portrays the bank negatively because it seems to be attacking President Jackson. Also, it seems that President Jackson is killing the bank and the American People are being slaves of the President Jackson by pulling something.
Joint Occupation
people from both the United States and Great Britain could settle here
Mountain Men
people who spend most of their time in the Rocky Mountains
Rendezous
meeting place
Emigrant
left the United States to go to Oregon (export)
Manifest Destiny
overspread and posses the whole of the continent which provide has given us
Name four countries that claimed parts of the Oregon Country
Russia, Spain, United States, and Great Britain claimed Oregon Country
How did the fur trade in Oregon aid Americans who began settling there?
It was their livelihood because the skins were in the eastern United States. This attracted people to Oregon. People settled their with families to farm.
How did the idea of Manifest Destiny help Americans justify their desire to extend the Untited States to the Pacific Ocean?
The idea of a Manifest Destiny helped Americans justify their goal of controlling land all the way to the Pacific by allowing them to claim that it was the God-given right.
Describe how the fur trade led to interest in Oregon.
Cause: THe fur trade develops
Effect: New Oppratunities for finance and living
Do you think it provides a realisric portrayal of the journey west?
Yes, the picure portrays a westward settlement because there's a small group traveling in a wagon with animals pulling the wagon.
tejano
mexicans who claimed Texas as their home
Empresario
The people who obtained these grants from the government and recruited the settlers
Decree
official order
Annex
take control of Texas
Name 4 things that American settlers agreed to do in exchange for recieving land in Texas.
Obey Mexican laws (no slaves), learn Spanish and Catholiscm and become Mexican citizens.
Why did Northerners and Southerners disagree on the annexation of Texas?
The Northerners thought it would add another slave state to the Union.
How did the fall of the Alamo help case of Texas independence even though it was a defeat for Texans?
Time was bought, so they had time to organize and the United States had more time to send troops over. Also, they fought to the last man. Plus, the saying "remember the Alamo" made them want to fight more.
Three causes of the war between Mexico and Americans in Texas.
-wanted slaves
-military
-trade
Battles in order (starting w/ earliest): Gonzalez, San Jactino, the Alamo and Goliad.
Gonzalez, the Alamo, Goliad and San Jactino
Rancho
Huge properties for raising livestock set up by Mexican settlers in California
Rancheros
land/ranch owners
Californios
the Mexicans who lived in California
Ceded
give up a treaty
According to the Mexican government, where did the border between Texas and Mexico lie?
Nueces River (150 miles north of the Rio Grande
Why did the Spanish establish missions in the Southwest? What hapened to the mission land after Mexico gained its independence?
The Spanish established missions convert Native Americans into Catholics and prevent trade with other countries (mainly the French)
Explain the meaning of "If the people [of California] should desire to unite their destiny with ours, they would be our brethren [brothers]."
This sentence means that both Americans and Mexicans wanted to form their own country together.
Polk's Strategy
-Drive Mexicans out of the border
-Seize New Mexico and Calfornia
-Conquer Mexico City and force Santa Anna Mexican areas
Forty-niners
those who arrived in 1849 seeking gold
Boomtown
new communities
Vigilantes
people who took law into their own hands
Why was Calfornia's entry into the Union delayed?
The southerners wanted Calfornia to be a slave state, but California's constitution banned slavery.
What steps did Californians take to apply for statehood? When was California admitted?
The Calfornians chose representitives in September 1849 to write a constitution. When their constitution was approved, Californians elected a governor and state legislators. California was supposed to be a clave free state although, it would throw off the balance of the slave states and the slave free states. After congress worked it out six months later, California became a state. This was the Compromise of 1850.
How might the history of California have been different if the Gold Rush had not happened?
Less people would have come to California and it might not have become a state right away. Not as much business industries as well.
How the Gold Rush helped California's economy.
Agriculture, shipping and trade expanded to meet the miners needs for food and other goods.--California's population soared increasing from about 20,000 in 1848 to more than 220,000 only 4 years later.
WHY DID THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTITIVES SELECT THE PRESIDENT IN THE 1824 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION?
BECAUSE THE TWELFTH AMMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION STATED THAT WHEN NO CANDIDATE RECIEVED A MAJORITY OF ELECTORAL VOTES, THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTITIVES SELECTS A PRESIDENT. THIS IS WHAT HAPPENED WITH JACKSON, CRAWFORD, CLAY, AND ADAMS.
WHAT ELECTION PRACTICES USED IN THE 1828 PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN ARE STILL USED TODAY?
PEOPLE WHO RUN FOR PRESIDENT TODAY STILL USE MUDLSINGING.
WHAT WAS THE MAIN REASON PRESIDENT ADAMS WAS NOT POPULAR WITH THE DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS?
ADAMS WAS NOT POPULAR WITH THE DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS BECAUSE HE HAD SUPPORT FROM MERCHANTS.
CHANGES THAT TOOK PLACE IN THE POLITICAL SYSTEM UNDER ANDREW JACKSON.
-JACKSON FIRED MANY FEDERAL WORKERS AND REPLACED THEM WITH HIS SUPPORTERS