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34 Cards in this Set

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Define city-state.
A city with its own traditions and government.
Define agora.
A public market.
Define assassinate.
To murder a rival or enemy.
The eastern pediment in the Parthenon described what?
The birth of Athena.
Where was the Parthenon?
Athens.
Define tragedy.
A play that usually ends in disaster for the main character.
Identify Alexander the Great.
King of Macedonia; conquered Persia and Egypt.
Identify Macedonia.
Ancient kingdom in southeastern Europe.
Identify Alexandria.
Ancientt Hellenistic city in Egypt.
Define Hellenistic.
Named from the word Hellas, the name the Greeks gave their land.
Define barbarian.
A wild, uncivilized person.
Define democracy.
A form of government in which the people govern themselves.
Who was the temple in the Parthenon dedicated to?
Athena.
Define immortal.
Unable to die.
Define plague.
A widespread disease.
The Parthenon was built under the leadership of whom?
Pericles.
Define aristocrat.
A member of a rich and powerful family.
Is Marathon north or south of Athens?
North.
Identify King Phillip.
Alexander the Great's father who seized power in 339 B.C.
Why did Nashville build the Parthenon?
To celebrate the 100 years of Tennessee's statehood.
Define blockade.
The cutting off of a harbor to shut off supplies to an area.
Define epic.
A long poem.
Define tyrant.
A ruler who seized power by force.
Define acropolis.
A high rocky place where people built a city.
Define tribute.
Money made to Athens by its allies.
Identify Euclid.
Greco-Roman mathematician; invented geometry.
Define philosopher.
A person who uses reason to understand the world.
In the Parathenon, how much do the bronze doors weigh together?
15 tons.
The western pediment in the Parthenon described what?
The contest between Athena and the Sea God Poseidon.
Define peninsula.
An area of land surrounded by water on three sides.
Exactly how tall does Athena stand?
41 feet, 10 inches.
Describe the differences in the way philosophers thought and the way the people thought.
The philosophers thought that the gods didn't have everything to do with things that happened and the Greeks thought that the gods had everything to do with the things that happened.
The statue of Athena was made of what two things?
Ivory and gold.
Identify Archimedes.
Greek inventor and mathematician; invented the pulley and lever.