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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Industrial Revolution
Age of machinery that changed the way that goods were produced
Spinning Jenny
A textile machine that could spin several threads at once
A person who invests in a business in order to make a profit
Factory System
Production line that brought workers and machinery together in the same place
Interchangeable Parts
Used to make gun repair easier; was the idea of having all machine-manufactured parts alike
Lowell Girls
Young women hired from nearby farms to work at textile mills before returning home and marrying
The movement of population from living and working on farms to living and working in the city
Boats used to carry heavy loads in shallow water
Privately owned roads made of stone or gravel that required a toll from all travelers
Lancaster Turnpike
The best road in the United States; linked Philadelphia and Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
National Road
A congress approved road in 1806; ran from Maryland to Virginia. Complete in 1818.
Robert Fulton's steamboat; ran on the Hudson River.
Erie Canal
A canal that linked the Great Lakes and the Mohawk and Hudson Rivers; was built to let Western Farmers ship goods to New York.
Loyalty to one's State or Section rather than to the Nation as a whole.
American System
Henry Clay's plan for economic growth; called for high taxes on imports.
McCulloch v. Maryland
Court ruled that states had no right to interfere with federal institutions within their borders.
Gibbons v. Ogden
Supreme Court upheld the power of the federal government to regulate trade between states.
Interstate Commerce
Trade between different states.
People born to Spanish parents.
Republic of Great Colombia
Included the present-day nations of Venesuela, Ecuador, Colombia and Panama.
United Provinces of Central America
Included present-day nations of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala.
Negro Fort
Contained 1,000 Negro slaves that escaped from Georgia and South Carolina. US general wanted Spain to demolish the fort. Spain refused and US took over and destroyed it.
Adams-Onis Treaty
Spain agreed to give Florida to the US for $5 million in 1821.
Monroe Doctrine
President Monroe's bold foreign policy statement.
Direct involvement.