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30 Cards in this Set

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a rebellion led by a Massachusetts farmer because the government failed to provide debt relief
Shay's Rebellion
This was the movement between Eastern and Western hemispheres where they exchanged plants,animals,and diseases
Columbian Exchange
This was the first Puritan colony set up in New England
Massachusetts Bay Colony
This place was known as the turning point of the Revolutionary War
Saratoga
The first permanent English settlement by the colonists that took place in 1607
Jamestown
Wrote the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson
The first battles of the Revolutionary War
Lexington/Concord
This geographic feature has a significant impact on the rainfall in the Midwestern United States
Rocky Mountains
This document was a pledge to obey laws agreed upon for the good of the colony. Set a democratic precedent for future colonial governments
Mayflower Compact
The English philosopher during the Enlightenment who argued that people have natural rights - life, liberty, and property
John Locke
Lived in Central Mexico and created a 365-day solar calendar system; crop rotation and irrigation system
The Aztecs
The reason for European exploration of the Americas
Gold, God, Glory
This explorer came from Spain and circumnavigated the globe
Magellan
Lived in Southern Mexico; invented math system including zeros
The Mayans
A disease that spread throughout Europe and killed nearly one-third of the population
Black Death
An Italian sailor who convinced Spain's Queen Isabella to outfit an expedition to sail west to the Indies and China
Christopher Columbus
An 18th century movement that emphasized the use of reason and the scientific method to obtain knowledge
The Enlightenment
Most closely associated with the Constitution; created to end wars among members and provide for defense against outsiders
Iroquois League
This Act forced colonists to provide supplies, rations, and shelter for the troops needed for conflicts between colonists and Native Americans
Quartering Act
This is farming that produced just enough food for themselves and somtimes just a little extra to trade in town
subsistence
Laws passed by Parliament in London to regulate colonial trade
Navigation Acts
Soldiers called conquerors who explored the Americas and claimed them for Spain
conquistadors
the economic system popular with the 17th and 18th century European powers. Its goal was to accumulate national wealth and create a favorable balance of trade
mercantilism
a 1783 Treaty that ended the Revolutionary War, confirming independence of the United States and setting boundaries of the new nation
Treaty of Paris
published "Common Sense" to draw and convince more people to fight for and defend the patriot cause
Thomas Paine
He disagreed with thge Pope and the Catholic Church and he set up his own church, the Anglican Church
King Henry VIII
The national government set up by the Second Continental Congress during the Revolution which was very weak and eventually led to the Constitution
Articles of Confederation
He took control of Jamestown and forced the settlers to organize for survival
Captain John Smith
lived in Peru; created agricultural terracing and irrigation systems; largest empire of the Americas
Incas
people who supported the rebels during the Revolutionary War
patriots