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35 Cards in this Set

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It is believed that the first humans in the Americas migrated from this region.
northern Asia
This was the name of the land bridge that hunters crossed which is now covered by the Berihg Sea.
Beringia
This condition is the freezing of much of the earth's water in vast ice sheets.
Glaciers
The main Mayan occupation in Mesoamerica.
Farming
A word picture, or symbol,that stands for both words and sounds. Archaeologists have discovered over 800 of these in the Mayan writing.
Glyph
The worship of this object was common to many Moesoamierican cultures, in cluding the Mayan, the Omec and Aztec.
Jaguar
This city was the capital of Inca.
Cuzco
With 30,000 inhabitants, this ancient city in present-day Illinois was the largest community in North America.
Cahokia
A steep hill with a flat, tablelike top.
Mesa
The Anasazi culture and people from the southwest learned from this culture how to cultivate beans and corn.
Mesoamericans
A flat-roofed adobe house that often shared adjoining walls and was built on many levels in a step pattern.
pueblo
When the grasses and plants of the Sahara gradually died, animals and humans moved on to this regioin south of the Sahara, which includes mountains, grasslands, lakes, rivers, and forests.
Sub-Saharan
Dry, grassy areas which cover hearly half of Africa.
savannas
A plant or animal that is in danger of completely dying out.
extinct
Family ties were important in African villages where people with common ancestors lived together.
kinships
Identifying oneself by tracing your ancestry through your father's heritage
partilineage
Tracing you kinship through your mother's ancestry.
matrilineage
When one group has complete control over a business activity.
monopoly
The main good or item brought all the way across the Sahara and through Ghana for trading.
salt
To help desert travelers deal with the dangers and risks of their journeys, they traveled in these huge groups.
caravans
The Iliad and Odyssey were poems written by this Greek poet.
Homer
This describes a long adventure poem.
epic
Like Greece, land surrounded on three sides by water.
peninsula
Voyaging and trading abroad, the Greeks founded foreign settlements in distant lands ruled originally from home.
colonies
This word meant marketplace in Greece.
Agora
A greek city-state that is governed by groups of powerful landowners.
polis
A form of government by nobility.
aristocracy
A ruler who governs by threat of force.
tyrant
Stories told by the Greeks from the distant past about the beginning of the world, the birht of gods and goddesses, which helped explain the natural world.
myths
The Greeks believed this mythological god was the all-powerful god of the sky and father of all people.
Zeus
These were prophesies deliverd in some shrines by priests or priestesses.
oracles
This Greek word for the "love of wisdom" is used to describe the exploration of questions about human behavior and morals.
philosophy
Military equipment, including portable towers and ramming devices, used by an army to attack cities.
siege train
At this site in India, Alexander's weary troops had fought enough and refused to continue.
Ihelum River
The ideas of Greek philsophers, scientist, poets, and playwrights which influenced people's thinkg from Egypt to India and changed their cultures.
Hellenistic